ALTERATIONS IN THE FUNCTIONS AND ROLES OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT WITHIN THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY AND THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE TWENTIETH AND EARLY TWENTY-FIRST CENTURIES ON THE BASIS OF THE BASIC EUROPEAN INTEGRATION TREATIES
Author(s): Lobanov R.O.
Rubric: Methodological research
Release: 2021-1 (34)
Keywords: European Parliament, European Coal and Steel Committee, European economic community, European Union, Lisbon Treaty, Treaty of Amsterdam, Single European Act, Treaty on European Union, Treaties establishing the European Communities
Annotation: The article takes into cognizance the historical creation and evolution of the European Parliament Institute in the second half of the XX – and early XXI centuries. This pertinence is justified by the steady increase in the value of this structure in, the system of European Union bodies, despite the fact, that the European Union, which consist of 27 countries, currently considers itself to be one of the major centers of a multi-polar world. The purpose of the article is to identify the stages of formation of this structure, transformation of its values and functions over the past 70 years. Document analysis and the comparative historical methods were used as the key rules of work. The article provides an overview of the key powers of the European Parliament, shows their changes under the influence of the development of Western European integration. Attention is paid to the gradual expansion of the controlling functions of the EP, the transition first from consultative powers to deliberative and, finally, to legislative ones. The article analyzes the provisions of the Rome, Maastricht, Amsterdam, Lisbon treaties, the Single European Act, the Nice Treaty. On the basis of their position, the four stages of development of the European Parliament are substantiated, indicating the characteristic processes and innovations.
Bibliography: Lobanov R.O. ALTERATIONS IN THE FUNCTIONS AND ROLES OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT WITHIN THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY AND THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE TWENTIETH AND EARLY TWENTY-FIRST CENTURIES ON THE BASIS OF THE BASIC EUROPEAN INTEGRATION TREATIES // Education Resources and Technologies. – 2021. – № 1 (34). – С. 69-78. doi: 10.21777/2500-2112-2021-1-69-78