EVALUATION OF THE ROLE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PEASANT (FARMING) ENTERPRISE IN THE FOOD SUPPLY OF THE POPULATION OF THE RYAZAN REGION
Author(s): Laktyushina Elena Vladimirovna
Rubric: Regional economy
Release: 2019-1 (28)
Keywords: Food security, peasant (farm) economy, agricultural products, food supply
Annotation: The article defines the importance of food security as the main factor in the preservation of statehood and sovereignty of the country, the most important factor of demographic policy and the conditions for the implementation of national priorities. The regulatory framework and target indicators of food security of the Ryazan region are investigated. The increasing role of peasant (farm) farms in the agriculture of the region is established. A statistical assessment of the dynamics of the development of the agricultural sector in the agro-industrial complex, its comparative efficiency in relation to agricultural organizations and households, as well as the contribution to the production of gross agricultural output of the Ryazan region. The analysis of the size of acreage and livestock of farm animals in the peasant (farmer) farms in the region. The dynamics and the structure of production and sales of the main types of agricultural products by Ryazan farmers have been established, indicating that during the study period the volume of agricultural products sold by peasant (farmer) farms in the region increased for almost all types of products. The role of farms in providing the necessary regional level of food security, as well as the factors causing its increase, is determined. The article analyzes the importance of peasant (farm) farms in the volume of agricultural production in the Ryazan region, the level of food supply of the region at their expense. The reasons of rather low efficiency and low specific weight of farmer production of the Ryazan region in ensuring food security of the region are revealed. The necessity of activation of measures of the state support for increase of efficiency and specific weight of country (farmer) farms in ensuring food security of the Ryazan region is proved.
Bibliography: Laktyushina EL.VL. EVALUATION OF THE ROLE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PEASANT (FARMING) ENTERPRISE IN THE FOOD SUPPLY OF THE POPULATION OF THE RYAZAN REGION // Economics and Management. – 2019. – № 1 (28). – С. 53-60. doi: 10.21777/2587-554X-2019-1-53-60