CURRENT STATUS AND DIRECTIONS OF TRANSFORMATION OF HEALTHCARE IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Author(s): Baranov Dmitry Nikitich
Release: 2018-2 (25)
Keywords: digital economy, health care, information and communication technologies of telemedicine
Annotation: The Article is devoted to the study of the current state and directions of health care transformation in the Russian Federation in the Genesis of the digital economy. It is shown that from 2005 till now the steady tendency of decrease in medical institutions in the Russian Federation was formed. First of all, the reduction affected medical institutions that are located in rural areas. Thus, the Ministry of health implements a policy of cost optimization, which concerns medical institutions with low rates of demand. At the same time, there are costs of the policy of reducing medical institutions, which is due to the decrease in the availability of medical services for the population due to the geographical dispersion of settlements on the territory of the Russian Federation and the development of a negative social effect on households. At the same time, the number of beds in hospitals is decreasing. At the same time, there is a reduction in the number of medical personnel with a simultaneous increase in the workload. In our opinion, the solution to these problems could be the introduction of digital technologies into the activities of medical institutions. Diffusion of technologies of remote medicine should reduce the burden on health workers and increase the availability of medicine for the population and in particular in remote geographical areas of Russia. The introduction of Internet of things technologies should contribute to improving the monitoring of patients ‘ health in real time. Translation of documents and introduction of electronic medical records of patients will optimize the costs of the organization of the medical institution, intensify the activities of the doctor in the field of document management and ensure transparency of medical activities. The study showed that in modern conditions there is a diffusion of digital technologies in the health care of the Russian Federation.
Bibliography: Baranov DM.NI. CURRENT STATUS AND DIRECTIONS OF TRANSFORMATION OF HEALTHCARE IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION // Economics and Management. – 2018. – № 2 (25). – С. 69-76. doi: 10.21777/2587-554X-2018-2-69-76