Author(s): Shapovalov A.B.

Rubric: Environmental economics

DOI: 10.21777/2587-554X-2023-2-59-66

Release: 2023-2 (45)

Pages: 59-66

Keywords: decarbonization, economic systems, hydrogen, hydrogen energy, carbon-containing energy carriers, emissions, greenhouse effect

Annotation: The article investigates the initiation of global decarbonization of modern economic systems by reducing СО2 emissions during exothermic oxidation of CCE. The formalization of the decarbonization of the energy of economic systems by a functional scheme made it possible to reveal their transformations. It is noted that the engineer solutions of the energy sector of modern economic systems are implemented mainly by gas mixtures. It is stated that the saturation of hydrogen gas mixtures reduces the volumetric lower heat of combustion with a sharp increase in the “greenhouse effect”. It is noted that the high temperature of hydrogen combustion leads to an unacceptably high generation of NOx, exacerbating the issue of biological safety of hydrogen energy. In order to exclude the degradation of specific economic systems, it is proposed to assess the efficiency of their energy by the integral indicator EROI together with indicators of energy independence, energy security, availability of energy resources, etc. It is predetermined that such an approach can form the basis of a scientific and methodological approach to assessing the energy efficiency of economic systems, including multimodal genetic optimization.

Bibliography: Shapovalov A.B. HYDROGEN ENERGY AS A CONSEQUENCE OF DECORBANIZATION OF ECONOMIC SYSTEMS // Economics and Management. – 2023. – № 2 (45). – С. 59-66. doi: 10.21777/2587-554X-2023-2-59-66

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