Author(s): Tsvetkov Viktor Yakovlevich

Rubric: Methodological research

DOI: 10.21777/2500-2112-2019-2-92-102

Release: 2019-2 (27)

Pages: 92-102

Keywords: logic, spatial logic, geometric logic, topological logic, figurative logic, spatial reasoning, spatial analysis, artificial intelligence

Annotation: The article investigates spatial logic as a means of analysis and means of obtaining new knowledge. Modern spatial logic is at the stage of development, characterized by wide application in science and education, but the lack of a unified methodological approach to problem solving. Methods of analysis that work with traditional models are often inapplicable when there is a need to represent spatial models based on languages interpreted by certain structures, as is the case in spatial logic. The purpose of this article is to systematize the types of spatial logics and directions of their effective application. Within the framework of the goal, the methodological problem in logical generalization, which is to find expressive spatial and logically is analyzed models, is investigated. The informative difference between mathematical and spatial logic based on logical reasoning and spatial analysis is disclosed. Features of application of geometrical, topological, set-theoretic and figurative logic in various fields of knowledge are allocated. The analysis of figurative logic is carried out, the possibilities of its application on the example of cartographic logic are demonstrated. The factors of efficiency of spatial logic and technologies of figurative reasoning are considered. It is shown that spatial logic is an instrument of artificial intelligence and serves as a basis for obtaining new knowledge.

Bibliography: Tsvetkov VI.YA. SPATIAL LOGIC IN EDUCATION AND SCIENCE // Education Resources and Technologies. – 2019. – № 2 (27). – С. 92-102. doi: 10.21777/2500-2112-2019-2-92-102

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