SUBSIDIARY AND DECENTRALIZED SYSTEMS AND ALGORITHMS
Author(s): Kozlov Alexander Vyacheslavovich
Rubric: Mathematical cybernetics
Release: 2020-2 (31)
Keywords: subsidiary system, decentralized system, behavior algorithm, agent, system algorithm, information interaction, agent communication, coordinator
Annotation: The article explores the evolution of systems by the example of the relationship of hierarchical, subsidiary and decentralized systems. The article explores algorithms of the corresponding types. The relationship between the algorithm and system behavior is shown. Hierarchical systems are considered as the starting point of research. The article examines mainly subsidiary and decentralized systems. The article explores subsidiary and decentralized algorithms. Hierarchical and subsidiary systems are connected by the main subsystem - the coordinator of actions. Subsidiary systems are formed from hierarchical ones under the influence of the external environment. The external environment necessitates the interaction of elements of lower levels with the environment. Subsidiary systems characterize the interaction of elements with the environment at lower levels. Subsidiary systems characterize the allocation of individual resources to lower level elements. In subsidiary systems, the executive mechanisms of hierarchical systems are transformed into agents. The intensification of external influences on the subsidiary or on the hierarchical system leads to the decentralization of the system. Under these conditions, the subsidiary system is transformed into a decentralized system. The article is devoted to the study of subsidiary and decentralized systems. The similarities and differences between subsidiary and decentralized systems are shown. Decentralized system agents have the resources and computing power. Agents of decentralized systems form group intelligence. Decentralized systems are governed by an algorithm, not a coordinator. The article introduces the concept of a system algorithm that performs the functions of a coordinator in a decentralized system.
Bibliography: Kozlov AL.VY. SUBSIDIARY AND DECENTRALIZED SYSTEMS AND ALGORITHMS // Education Resources and Technologies. – 2020. – № 2 (31). – С. 69-76. doi: 10.21777/2500-2112-2020-2-69-76