Release: 2019-3 (30)

2019-3 (30)
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Essence of sustainable development: definition of key concepts and quality integrity


DOI: 10.21777/2587-554X-2019-3-7-14


On institutional and legal problems of state audit and financial control


DOI: 10.21777/2587-554X-2019-3-15-20


Features of international cooperation of russia in the field of customs


DOI: 10.21777/2587-554X-2019-3-21-27


Directions of transport infrastructure development and it state support policy in the russian federation


DOI: 10.21777/2587-554X-2019-3-28-34


The current state and problems of development of the market of audit in russia


DOI: 10.21777/2587-554X-2019-3-35-40

Annotation: The current state of the audit services market has led to the formation of preconditions for its qualitative transformation. The article gives a general assessment of the audit as a professional activity in Russia. The review of the changes of the federal legislation in the sphere of auditor activity having basic character is presented. These changes concern legislative regulation of independence institute of audit, entry into force of the international standards of audit. The principles of independence of audit are separately designated. At the same time, the innovations concern not only the audit itself, but also the services accompanying it. Also changes in the sphere of obligatory audit, the requirement to the head of audit public the significant organizations are reflected. As measures to improve the quality of auditing, it is proposed to strengthen external control and develop a set of measures aimed at supporting small and medium-sized Russian audit companies. An assessment of the current state of the market of auditor services is given. Authors designated a number of the problems characteristic of domestic audit planned the directions of their decision. The article justifies the increase in the liability of auditors as a result of changes in legislation. Special attention is paid to measures of state regulation of auditor activity. The priority in the tasks set should be to increase the competitiveness of Russian audit organizations.

Features of audit and problems of its implementation in construction organizations


DOI: 10.21777/2587-554X-2019-3-41-47

Annotation: To date, the development of the accounting and audit system in Russia creates an urgent need for its analysis in certain segments of the domestic economy. The improvement of international audit and the increase in the volume of the construction sector require continuous participation not only of public authorities, but also of specialized organizations in the formation of the General framework of regulatory and legal regulation of audit activities. The relevance of this article is that the audit of construction companies in all countries is being reformed at a high speed. This factor follows from the fact that the objective criteria for the implementation of construction are changing, including an active mechanism of integration to the solutions of global problems, its spread to countries with more modern economies and international associations, with the use of innovative technologies and an increase in the aspect of the international auditing standards. Thus, we can say that in our country we need a modern look at the essence of the accounting and financial functions of management and its main element – audit. At the present stage, both domestic and international construction companies are developing quite rapidly. There is a significant increase in investment, which stimulates the construction sector, reconstruction and reconstruction of various types of facilities. Subsequently, the criteria for the quality of accounting (financial) statements, its reliability and audit activities are tightened.

Technologies applied to prevent derartification processes in israel


DOI: 10.21777/2587-554X-2019-3-48-66

Annotation: Israel, which is 97 per cent dryland, was one of the first countries to tackle desertification. Measures to combat desertification were initiated at an early stage of the country’s development and have been strengthened to date. Prevention of desertification is based on the rational use of soil and water resources, agroforestry on the basis of temporary surface runoff, controlled environment of desert agriculture (greenhouse agriculture), organic farming, control of grazing. The sustainability of agriculture in Israel’s drylands and its relative success in preventing desertification depended on water policies. About 90% of fresh water resources in Israel are combined into a single system, which ensures the implementation of a single national policy of obtaining water and regular supply of various sectors of consumers (agriculture, household and industrial activities). Water scarcity and deteriorating water quality dictate the need to improve water efficiency and economy in Israel. In the agricultural sector, significant water savings have been achieved through technological improvements in irrigation methods, including sprinkling, drip irrigation, reuse of fresh water, wastewater treatment and desalination of saline groundwater and sea water, significantly reducing the risk of desertification. Strategic planning and policy to combat desertification in addition to improving sustainable water management and sustainable agricultural development in vulnerable regions through active erosion control programs, regulation of nomadic grazing, and promotion of water-saving and salt-tolerant crops, provides for pasture management, afforestation, and expansion of protected areas.

State and features of environmental accounting in the kazakhstan


DOI: 10.21777/2587-554X-2019-3-67-74

Annotation: The following research objectives are considered in the work: the study of environmental measures; identification of possible costs to eliminate environmental damage; the study of the classification of costs to eliminate environmental damage. Sustainability measurement and accounting can be applied to areas of social impact, especially for those enterprises engaged in international trade, where considerations regarding materials and labor are subject to public scrutiny. Audit and assessment are the basis of environmental and social accounting, so the adoption of proven strategies to study the basic metrics will help accountants conduct an effective analysis. The possibilities of creating an estimated reserve based on the probability of repayment of liabilities and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation are considered. The possibilities of creating an estimated reserve based on the probability of repayment of liabilities and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation are considered. Methods for determining environmental damage obligations are of practical importance today. When recognizing assets or liabilities in connection with the production process, he must apply his experience, knowledge of relevant financial reporting standards, the requirements of the legislation of the country in which the company operates, as well as professional judgment. As a result of studying the problem of accounting for environmental costs, the authors concluded that a competent and professional approach to cost accounting in the field of environmental protection is necessary.

Brainstorming as a productive and functional form of creative capital


DOI: 10.21777/2587-554X-2019-3-75-81

Annotation: The purpose of the article is to position brainstorming as a productive form of creative capital of an economic agent. To this end, the main provisions that characterize the content of the subject of management in the preparation and conduct of brainstorming as a key function of corporate creative capital in a digital and behavioral economy are specified. It is emphasized that brainstorming is an energetic form of developing exchange-communication, which becomes an important factor in the production of new ideas and knowledge in a system of large-scale and continuous innovations. The research methodology is a comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach to this problem. The scientific novelty of the article lies in a systematic analysis of the most famous forms of brainstorming in order to create an integrated concept of its organization and implementation. In this regard, technological models of creative thinking, such as the method of volumetric thinking, the method of association with random phenomena, the method of role thinking, as well as the method of separate analysis of a specific problem, are considered. The scientific and practical significance of the article lies in the fact that in the system of corporate self-training it is proposed to purposefully train moderators, as well as to record the most successful “brainstorming” teams, turning them into active social-network and micro-corporate communities. In addition, conclusions and recommendations on the establishment of a relevant, brainstorming style of reproduction management, primarily, inexpressible implicit corporate knowledge, are offered.

Question on the staffing of the state duma of the federal meeting of the russian federation


DOI: 10.21777/2587-554X-2019-3-82-89

Annotation: The article considers the features of the personnel policy of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. Personnel policy is an integral part of the management of any state body. The State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation is also no exception, and needs to be managed by personnel on the basis of comprehensive planning and assessment of the personnel potential of civil servants. The procedure for admission of citizens of the Russian Federation to the federal state civil service in the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation is regulated by the following regulatory legal acts. In connection with the reform of the work of public services, there is a need to improve the personnel policy and managerial assessment of the state of personnel potential, to substantiate the mechanisms for regulating personnel processes, and to develop organizational and regulatory models for managing them.

To the question about the nature of entrepreneurial activity


DOI: 10.21777/2587-554X-2019-3-90-94

Annotation: The relevance of the topic of the article is due to the lack of theoretical development of questions about the nature and content of entrepreneurial activity, as well as the objective need to analyze the current state and the main trends in the development of Russian entrepreneurship. The purpose of the study is to determine and substantiate the nature and content of entrepreneurial activity. In the process of analysis of the essence and content of entrepreneurial activity, the author used such methods of research of socio-economic phenomena as dialectical, systemic, structural and functional, institutional, historical and logical, comparative and analytical, as well as methods of scientific abstraction, induction, deduction, normative and positive analysis and synthesis. Particular attention in the study of the essence of entrepreneurial activity, the author paid to the clarification, in relation to modern Russian realities, and the justification of its subjects, the key essential features, the main components of the system of motives and objectives of the subjects. The main result of the research is the author’s definitions of entrepreneurial activity and individual entrepreneur, containing elements of scientific novelty.

Ways of increase in efficiency of use of fixed assets


DOI: 10.21777/2587-554X-2019-3-95-101

Annotation: The article is devoted to the analysis of ways to increase the efficiency of using fixed assets. The relevance of the work is due to the importance of fixed assets in the assets of the enterprise in almost any industry. Improving the efficiency of their use is a permanent task of company management. The article provides an overview of the works of domestic authors regarding the topics being studied, the definition of fixed assets is considered, federal statistical information is analyzed. Four groups of the main factors affecting the efficiency of the use of fixed assets are identified, their main focus (achieving specified financial, economic, organizational and technical parameters of production) and classification (extensive and intensive ways to improve the use of fixed assets) are determined. The system of increasing the efficiency of using fixed assets is described in detail, consisting of three basic elements (technical improvement of the means of labor, increasing the time of functioning of equipment and improving the processes of organizing and managing production). Specific methods for increasing the efficiency of using fixed assets are indicated, the main factors for choosing a particular method are described. Based on the analyzed materials, the author proposed an original technique for managing fixed assets.

Strategic directions of digital transformation and potential of application of digital technologies in housing and communal services of the city of moscow


DOI: 10.21777/2587-554X-2019-3-102-107

Annotation: In modern conditions, the process of digital transformation of the entire set of spheres of household and business life of households, firms and state and municipal authorities is proceeding at an active pace. One of the most important areas where the pace of introduction of digital technologies is increasing is the housing and communal services of the city of Moscow. The diffusion of digital technologies in the housing and communal services of the city of Moscow provides increased transparency in the provision of housing and communal services to the population through the use of Internet of things technology, blockchain, big data processing and artificial intelligence. In addition, the introduction of digital technologies in the activities of organizations providing housing and communal services, promotes the introduction of advanced organizational changes in the organizational structures of these organizations, which leads to an increase in the ability to measure the personal labor participation of each employee and bind the results of his work to the level of payment. The article investigates the key directions of digital transformation of housing and communal services in Moscow. The potential of using BIM technologies in the operation of housing and communal facilities and housing infrastructure at all stages of the life cycle has been identified. The use of artificial intelligence in the process of creating an integrated system of management and calculation of utility tariffs becomes relevant. Another direction is the use of the Internet of things to obtain data on the state of housing facilities and the amount of resources consumed. In order to implement organizational changes, it is important to introduce blockchain technology and information and analytical tools into the management system of the Moscow housing and utilities sector and organizations. Also in the article the potential of digital technologies application in the sphere of housing and communal services of Moscow is investigated.