Release: 2021-2 (37)
Keywords: public service, electronic public services, digitalization
Annotation: The relevance of the article is due to the ongoing processes of public administration digitalization. The translation of public services and the implementation of accessibility, extraterritoriality and proactivity principles is designed not only to optimize public spending, but, first of all, to qualitatively change the processes of interaction between the state and society. The aim of the study was to analyze the effectiveness of the introduced electronic services and digitalization of providing public services of the Pension Fund of Russia on the basis of empirical data. To achieve the goal of the study, we used the analysis of the fund’s annual reporting data, open data and data from official sources of information. The analysis of the data reflected the explosive growth of the investigated indicators of the fund’s performance. According to the author, further digitalization of public services provided by the fund will be aimed at implementing the principle of proactivity in providing the most popular and relevant services.
CYBER OPERATIONS AS AN INSTRUMENT OF INTERSTATE MILITARY-ECONOMIC COMPETITION
Keywords: interstate confrontation, interstate military-economic competition, cyber-operation, economic cyber-diversion, cyber-space, cyber-weapons, cyber-attack
Annotation: The purpose of the study is to clarify the essential features (prerequisites, subjects, their targets, spheres, objects, means) of cyber-operation as an instrument of interstate military-economic competition. The relevance of the research topic is due to both the important role of cyber operations in the currently aggravated interstate militaryeconomic competition between the United States and the Russian Federation, and the lack of development of relevant theoretical provisions, as well as the practical significance of research related to the development and justification of promising directions for reducing the effectiveness of the destructive impact of cyber operations on the national economic complex of the Russian Federation. The author used such research methods as dialectical, systematic, comparative-analytical, as well as methods of scientific abstraction, induction and deduction, normative and positive analysis and synthesis.
ASSESSMENT OF THE STATE OF THE CONSUMER SECTOR OF THE VOLOGDA OBLAST ECONOMY
Keywords: consumer sector, consumer market, Vologda oblast, methodological approaches, final consumption, investment activity, budget policy
Annotation: The purpose of the study was to generalize methodological approaches to the analysis of the state of the consumer sector of the economy and to develop the main directions for stimulating its further growth on the example of the Vologda region. The information base was provided by the works of domestic specialists dealing with the regulation of the consumer sector, as well as information from state statistics bodies. The analysis was based on general scientific (deduction, comparison, analysis, synthesis) and economic-statistical methods (average values, elementary methods of processing calculated data, index method). The Vologda Oblast was chosen as the object of the study, which is characterized by negative dynamics in the structure of the use of the gross regional product. During the systematization of scientific knowledge about the methodology for analyzing the state of the consumer sector, the main indicators were identified, through which the level of its development was further assessed on the example of a specific region.
METHODS AND CRITERIA FOR ASSESSING THE ORGANIZATION’S BUYERS IN PURPOSES OF FORMING A CREDIT POLICY
Keywords: credit policy, credit rating, solvency, creditworthiness, commercial credit
Annotation: The article raises the issue of creating an appropriate valuation methodology for the organization’s buyers in order to formulate a credit policy. Nowadays, the practice of granting trade credit has become widespread in order to attract buyers and increase sales. The undesirable consequences for the organization of the debtor – a slowdown in payment turnover, an increase in accounts receivable, can be caused by the lack of clear incentives for counterparties to fulfill contractual obligations. Therefore, an important point in this case is the choice and formation of credit policy. The article focuses on one of the foundations for the formation of an effective credit policy – the assessment of buyers. The following is a brief description of the methods used for assessing the organization’s solvency. As a result, it was found that the existing methods do not provide an opportunity for a comprehensive assessment of potential buyers. However, each enterprise is primarily interested in the solvency, responsibility of buyers, in their ability to quickly and efficiently eliminate the difficulties that have arisen, therefore, this article proposes the application of the method of comprehensive assessment of the organization’s buyers based on the rating assessment and the developed scale of points for the selected criteria. The methodology uses the assessment of credit policy, indicators of the financial stability of the enterprise, in the final value it is recommended to take into account the qualitative indicators. For the acceleration and convenience of assessing the solvency of the organization, it is proposed to use automated technology using a computer program. The article provides recommendations for further improvement of customer assessment methods. Further research and development of normative values and ranges of deviation of financial indicators, taking into account the specifics of the industry, is proposed. It is also recommended to formalize the qualitative assessment indicators and develop a methodology for their further application.
PROSPECTS FOR IMPROVING THE RUSSIAN STATE WATER SERVICES TARIFF POLICY
Keywords: water services, tariff regulation, incentive methods, tariff policy, price setting
Annotation: The state regulation of tariffs is effected in the water supply industry. Its goal is in equal measure ensure the interests of consumers (quality and price) and the development of the industry. Statistical data from 2010 to 2018 indicate that goals have not been achieved: there is no significant improvement in the technical condition of the water supply network, the annual share of replaced water supply networks in their total volume in Russia is 1.1 % (the recommended standard is 4 %), and the net loss of water supply companies is 11.75 billion rubles. First of all, this situation is determined by the used regulation methods. In the same time the health and well-being of about 120 million Russian people directly depends on the stable functioning of the water supply sector. In this regard, the authors are considering the possibility of introducing yardstick pricing for water supply services. It is based on mechanisms to stimulate operating and investment activities. This will increase the water service industry efficiency. However, at present, in the Russian context, the introduction of yardstick pricing is impossible. This is based on a comparison of Russian and foreign practice. At the same time, the yardstick regulation introduction is necessary. Therefore, based on the analysis and synthesis of data, the authors identified avenue of approach to change the Russian water supply organizations data harvesting to ensure the possibility of introducing yardstick methods. In particular, the article defines the need to amend the regulations and the composition of the disclosed indicators, the use of the FSIS EIAS system as a platform for disclosure. In conclusion, the authors recommended revising the financing of investment programs of water supply organizations separately from their operating costs.
STATE POLICY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE FIELD OF FOREST PROTECTION
Keywords: protection of forestry fund, protection of forestry fund, state policy, state control, forest reproduction, forest fund, efficiency
Annotation: The aim of the work is to identify the problems of development of state policy of the Russian Federation in the field of forest protection and ways to solve them. The relevance of the study lies in the increasing role of forestry protection not only in the context of the country, but also in the world. Today, the use of the forest fund not only provides the formation of part of the GDP, but also performs environmental, social functions, expressed in the environment, soil protection, recreation, tourism, as well as in the provision of hunting and livestock. In this regard, as well as to the issue of ensuring the constitutional right of citizens to a favorable environment consistent with economic and environmental development, the state policy of the Russian Federation in the field of forest protection acquires particular importance. The main method of research was a retrospective analysis of the development of state policy of forest protection, as well as the analysis of the current state of the industry. The main result of the study is the development of solutions to the problems identified and the identification of directions for further development of forest protection policy.
ASSESSMENT OF THE CONDITIONS OF EXTENSIVE USE OF RECLAIMED LAND IN THE CONTEXT OF THE FEDERAL DISTRICTS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Keywords: socio-economic potential of the reclamation industry, investment flows, main reclamation funds, reconstruction, technical re-equipment and construction of new reclamation systems, operation of reclaimed land, reclamation works and activities, agricultural turnover
Annotation: The main purpose of the presented research was to identify the features of modern trends in the expansion of reclaimed land, associated with the need to increase the profitability and productivity of agricultural land. According to the researchers, human resources, fixed capital of the Federal State Budgetary Institution of the Department of Land Reclamation, Land Policy, State Property of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation and investments in the reclamation industry are its main points of growth that can increase the return on the industry work. Since the active development of the modern economy is primarily based on investment mechanisms, the authors analyzed the investment flows in the Federal State Budgetary Institution of the Department of Land Reclamation, Land Policy, State Property of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation for technical re-equipment and reclamation work in the federal districts of the Russian Federation. In the course of the research, the methods of theoretical and practical analysis, development and systematization of information and analytical materials, logical and situational analysis, methods of statistical analysis, methods of processing and generalization of results were used. As a result of the study, the structure of the involvement of reclaimed land in operation and investment in the reclamation industry in the regions of the Russian Federation was specified.
HIERARCHY OF OBJECTIVES AND PRIORITIES IN THE CUSTOMS SERVICE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Keywords: EEU, state regulation, customs, development strategies, national programs, national goals, digital economy, electronic declaration centers
Annotation: The article considers the goals of strategic development of customs service in accordance with the hierarchy of their formation. According to the theory of customs management, the customs is considered as an institution that exists in conditions of continuously changing reality. In this regard, supranational, national and departmental levels have been identified, which consistently form key milestones in the development of the department. The main focus is on the consideration of strategic documents, because they are the basis for the subsequent actions of customs authorities. It is clear that the development areas are consistently specified in the chain of documents of the integration association, national programs, the Strategy for the Development of Customs Authorities until 2030 and the corresponding action plans. Digitalization and improvement of the quality of customs services ignore some important aspects of customs policy. But the main trigger for the sustainable development of the Russian economy is the reorientation of the economy towards the creation of non-resource advantages. Customs service have the necessary set of mechanisms, technological reserves to create new centers of concentration of economic efforts. The prerequisites for the evolution of customs as an institution are critically assessed. In addition, Russian reality has specific features that should be reflected in strategic development documents. Possible ways to unlock the unrealized potential of Russia are contained in the materials of experts of international organizations. The financial sector, logistics, involvement in global supply chains and investment attractiveness make up a wide and not yet covered space for creating an open and competitive Russian economy. Taking into account the theory of institutional development and the practical comments of World Bank analysts, the author formulated conclusions and proposals.
INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE THE ADMINISTRATION: ANALYSIS OF BEST PRACTICE FOR IMPLEMENTATIONS CHANCES IN KAZAKHSTAN
Keywords: Public policy, regional development, state administration, strategic plane, competitiveness, approach, practices
Annotation: Was analyzed best practices of public administration and makes assessment’s the possibilities of implementations its practices in system of state administration the Republic of Kazakhstan. Achievements of goals the research is possible throw analysis of influence the digitalization on the process of regional administration, study of international experience in the process of costs optimization and lower transaction costs. During the pandemic the states staying in very seriously situation, important to watch assess to decision-making process and the effective design of organizational structures are taking place. To answer the research questions was used the case study method. It is concluded that in the post-crisis period, the main direction of the development of regional management will be the need to revise the models of socio-economic development.
RESPONDING TO CHALLENGES OF TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE FACE OF THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC: SOCIAL INNOVATIONS’ CONTRIBUTION
Keywords: social innovations, problems of territorial development, social entrepreneurship, pandemic, COVID-19, support for social innovation and social entrepreneurship
Annotation: The coronavirus pandemic has affected every area of public concern. This has been manifested in the exacerbation of unemployment and inequality, fall in the enterprises’ revenue and income of the population, vulnerability of certain groups, online activities, etc. The article was devoted to the role of social innovations in solving problems of territorial development in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. It was shown that both existing projects and initiatives created under the influence of the epidemiological factor have made a significant contribution to overcoming consequences of the spread of the coronavirus. Special attention was paid to social entrepreneurship as one of the main agents of social innovation, which promptly responded to the challenges of the new reality. The study addressed the key aspects of the development of social entrepreneurship and ways of transforming its activities during the pandemic. It established that social enterprises have adapted to the ongoing changes. The paper also highlighted the role and main measures to support social innovation and social entrepreneurship in Russia and abroad. In conclusion, it was noted that the need for targeted support of social entrepreneurs.
INFORMATION SUPPORT OF MARKETING SOLUTIONS IN THE FIELD OF FORMING THE IMAGE OF THE REGION
Keywords: marketing solutions, regional aspect, information support, integrated marketing information systems
Annotation: The article presents the main approaches to the information support of marketing solutions from the point of view of the regional aspect, and in particular the formation of the image of the region. Special attention in this article is paid to the problems of formation and use of integrated marketing information systems. The article analyzes the main problems and directions of information support. The main approaches to the formation of decision support systems are characterized, and the directions of integration of information systems are investigated. The article considers the directions of integration of marketing information systems, considers the examples of practical application of decision support systems. The article describes the technology for assessing the main factors that affect the formation of the image of the region, and presents the technology for clustering target audiences. The procedure of cluster analysis is described. The interpretation of the results of the analysis allows us to draw conclusions about the most.
WAYS TO INCREASE COMPETITIVE POTENTIAL OF IT CORPORATION
Keywords: competitiveness, IT industry, corporation, efficiency, competitive potential
Annotation: The article examines the issues of effective management of the competitive potential of corporations in the IT industry. It is noted that the competitive potential is one of the most important tasks of improving the mechanisms of competitiveness of enterprises in the IT industry, which influence the activities of all economic entities of the state. The problem of the development of the competitiveness of corporations in the IT industry is analyzed, which is associated with insufficient government strategies, which consider only individual tasks that are solved with the help of information technologies. Attention is drawn to the key stages of the formation of the mechanism for managing the potential of the IT industry corporation. The purpose of the article is to substantiate the main directions of increasing the competitive potential of the IT industry corporation. Main results: the article outlines the main ways to increase the competitive potential of the IT industry corporation. The study concludes that the main goal of increasing competitive potential is to identify and analyze the components of competitiveness, to develop management methods.