Headings of the journal
"Economics and Management"
Release: 2023-4 (47)
Keywords: demography, birth rate decline, population migration, economy, regional economy, economic problems
Annotation: This article describes the demographic situation in Russia, its changes over a certain period of time due to fluctuations in the processes of mortality, fertility and migration, as well as the consequences of these changes in the economic indicators of the country and federal districts. The main problems existing in demography at the moment, the causes of their occurrence and their natural impact on the growth or decline in the economy are highlighted, in order to provide data obtained during the analysis of information, as well as to compile possible solutions to those demographic problems that have a negative impact on the development of the economy. As a result of the study, it was concluded that demographic problems in Russia adversely affect the economy and cause a deceleration in its growth. The proposals of the authors of scientific papers on the settlement of these problems are highlighted. This can lead to the creation of favorable conditions for economic development, lead- ing to higher living standards in the country, which is necessary for citizens of any country.
DECENT LIFE OF A PERSON AS A SOURCE OF EXPANDED REPRODUCTION OF CREATIVE INNOVATIONS IN THE ECONOMY
Release: 2023-3 (46)
Keywords: decent life, creative innovations, creative and intellectual capital, accelerator, target functionality
Annotation: The article is devoted to substantiation of the increasing role of a decent life as a systemic source of creative innovations required for highly effective reflection of modern challenges and threats caused by the steady increase of various types of complexity with simultaneous synergy of political and economic relations. The methodological basis of the research is an essential analysis of key categories, as well as a system-interdisciplinary approach to the problem of the relationship between a decent life and innovative development of the modern economy. The scientific novelty of the key provisions of the article is to concretize the meaning of such concepts as a decent life, creative and intellectual capital, creative innovations; to identify and substantiate the cognitive qualitative integrity of a decent life of an individual as the basis of large-scale, continuous and radial innovations; to demonstrate the need for accelerated development (acceleration) of the creative and intellectual form of human capital as a functional of a decent life. The scientific and practical significance of the conclusions and conclusions of the article lies in the need for accelerated development of various forms of personal and corporate self-learning, as well as the cultural, scientific and educational sector of the economy as a common foundation of a qualitatively new national innovation system.
MODERN PROBLEMS OF ECONOMIC SECURITY OF THE COUNTRY
Release: 2023-2 (45)
Keywords: binary division, challenges, threats, economic security, manageability of problems, solution
Annotation: The relevance of the research topic is determined by the growing scale of the problem of the country’s economic security, due to the aggravation of Russia’s opposition to the collective West, which is of a protracted nature. The purpose of the presented studies is to find ways to improve the economic security of the Russian Federation in modern geopolitical and economic conditions, which are characterized by a high degree of variability. The scientific novelty of the results obtained in the work lies in the rationale for the forming of a national target program for the development of technologies of the VI and VII technological modes as an advanced scientific and technical reserve. It is shown that the forming of a national target program for the development of technologies of the VI and VII technological modes will provide technological sovereignty, the necessary level of import substitution and competitiveness of the national economy for the next two large technological cycles. The practical significance of the results obtained in the work lies in the possibility of their use in the planning and the implementation of measures to accelerate and improve the efficiency of the processes of achieving the required level of technological sovereignty of the country as the basis for ensuring its security.
THE CURRENT STATE OF THE RUSSIAN ECONOMY UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF SANCTIONS AND PROSPECTS FOR ITS DEVELOPMENT
Release: 2023-1 (44)
Keywords: economic sanctions, sanctions policy, the consequences of anti-Russian sanctions, the Russian economy, inflationary processes in the country, inflation rates, sanctions restrictions, prospects for the development of the Russian economy
Annotation: For nine years, Russia has been under the influence of sanctions imposed by a number of European countries and the United States. From 2014 to 2022, sanctions were put forward by the world community, which had a significant impact on all spheres of the country’s public life. At the same time, there is a gradual transition from targeted restrictions on individuals and enterprises to blocking entire sectors of the Russian economy. The consequences of the imposed sanctions seriously affect the Russian economy. The article analyzes the impact of anti-Russian sanctions on the country’s economy. It was noted that the sanctions impact on the country’s economy was reflected in the reduction in GDP, inflation growth, reduction in imports, and reduction in the volume of Russia’s foreign trade. The article analyzes the prospects for the development of the country’s economy in the context of ongoing sanctions. A possible scenario for further development is proposed, taking into account adaptation to the modern realities of economic development.
THEORETICAL, METHODOLOGICAL AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF ASSESSING THE INVESTMENT ACTIVITY OF THE FEDERAL DISTRICTS OF RUSSIA
Release: 2023-2 (45)
Keywords: investment activity, investment rate, federal district, criterion, integral indicator, rating
Annotation: The economic content of the category “investment activity” is investigat-ed in the article on the basis of the critical approach. The author’s interpretation of this phenomenon is presented. The main methodological approaches to the assessment of the level of investment activity in the regions have been studied. The author’s methodology of quantitative measurement of the degree of investment activity of the federal districts of the Russian Federation on the basis of summing up the values of their five key investment indicators has been developed. A comprehensive assessment of the situation in the investment sphere of the subjects of the Russian Federation for 2017–2021 is given. The rating of investment activity of the federal districts of Russia has been compiled. The methodological tools used in the preparation of the article contains system, structural, abstract-logical and comparative analysis, grouping methods, rating and generalization. The results of the research are of practical importance and can be used by federal and regional authorities in the development of programs for the socio-economic development of territories, as well as by rating agencies in the forming of investment ratings of federal districts and individual regions of the Russian Federation.