Headings of the journal
"Economics and Management"
Release: 2021-2 (37)
Keywords: public service, electronic public services, digitalization
Annotation: The relevance of the article is due to the ongoing processes of public administration digitalization. The translation of public services and the implementation of accessibility, extraterritoriality and proactivity principles is designed not only to optimize public spending, but, first of all, to qualitatively change the processes of interaction between the state and society. The aim of the study was to analyze the effectiveness of the introduced electronic services and digitalization of providing public services of the Pension Fund of Russia on the basis of empirical data. To achieve the goal of the study, we used the analysis of the fund’s annual reporting data, open data and data from official sources of information. The analysis of the data reflected the explosive growth of the investigated indicators of the fund’s performance. According to the author, further digitalization of public services provided by the fund will be aimed at implementing the principle of proactivity in providing the most popular and relevant services.
RUSSIAN BANKING SECTOR: CURRENT STATE AND DEVELOPMENT TRENDS
Release: 2021-1 (36)
Keywords: banking system, key rate, monetary measures, lending, coronavirus, loans, deposits
Annotation: The article examines the issues of functioning and development of the country’s banking sector at the present time. It is noted that the banking sector is the most important part of the country’s financial system. One of the most important tasks of the banking sector is to ensure the uninterrupted service of the national payment system, to ensure the safety of depositors ‘ funds, and to transform these funds into loans to the economy. The article analyzes the structure of assets of Russian banks, the main place in which is occupied by lending to the real sector of the economy, estimates the volume and growth rate of lending to legal entities and individuals, analyzes the dynamics of deposit operations. Attention is drawn to the key trends in the development of the banking sector, which is changing the very paradigm of the functioning of credit institutions and the provision of their services. At the same time, the article concludes that despite all the difficulties, the Russian banking system has quite successfully passed all the tests. As a result, the Russian banking sector showed generally high growth rates in 2020.
CYBER OPERATIONS AS AN INSTRUMENT OF INTERSTATE MILITARY-ECONOMIC COMPETITION
Release: 2021-2 (37)
Keywords: interstate confrontation, interstate military-economic competition, cyber-operation, economic cyber-diversion, cyber-space, cyber-weapons, cyber-attack
Annotation: The purpose of the study is to clarify the essential features (prerequisites, subjects, their targets, spheres, objects, means) of cyber-operation as an instrument of interstate military-economic competition. The relevance of the research topic is due to both the important role of cyber operations in the currently aggravated interstate militaryeconomic competition between the United States and the Russian Federation, and the lack of development of relevant theoretical provisions, as well as the practical significance of research related to the development and justification of promising directions for reducing the effectiveness of the destructive impact of cyber operations on the national economic complex of the Russian Federation. The author used such research methods as dialectical, systematic, comparative-analytical, as well as methods of scientific abstraction, induction and deduction, normative and positive analysis and synthesis.
FOREIGN EXPERIENCE OF USING THE MECHANISM PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS IN THE ELECTRIC POWER INDUSTRY
Release: 2021-1 (36)
Keywords: public-private partnerships, concessions, infrastructure projects, financing of infrastructure projects
Annotation: This article examines the problem of using the public-private partnership (PPP) mechanism in financing such a strategically important infrastructure industry as the electric power industry. The purpose of the study is to determine the specifics of interaction between the state and business in the electric power industry of different countries and the possibility of using foreign experience in Russian PPP practice. Using methods of analysis, synthesis, systematization, modeling, the authors of this article conducted a study of the organization of PPP projects in world practice, namely in the electric power industry, which made it possible to determine the key points in the development of cooperation between the public and private sectors in this strategic sector of the economy, as well as mechanisms financing of public-private partnership projects. As a result, the features of the organization of PPP in the field of electric power in industrialized countries are identified and characterized by the example of the USA, Great Britain, France, in developing countries by the example of India and Bangladesh, in countries with economies in transition (Kazakhstan). The idea is substantiated that the institutional basis of the national economy determines the choice of the PPP model. The analysis helped to determine the possibility of applying in Russia certain elements of foreign experience in organizing PPP in infrastructure industries, in particular, in the power industry.
ASSESSMENT OF THE STATE OF THE CONSUMER SECTOR OF THE VOLOGDA OBLAST ECONOMY
Release: 2021-2 (37)
Keywords: consumer sector, consumer market, Vologda oblast, methodological approaches, final consumption, investment activity, budget policy
Annotation: The purpose of the study was to generalize methodological approaches to the analysis of the state of the consumer sector of the economy and to develop the main directions for stimulating its further growth on the example of the Vologda region. The information base was provided by the works of domestic specialists dealing with the regulation of the consumer sector, as well as information from state statistics bodies. The analysis was based on general scientific (deduction, comparison, analysis, synthesis) and economic-statistical methods (average values, elementary methods of processing calculated data, index method). The Vologda Oblast was chosen as the object of the study, which is characterized by negative dynamics in the structure of the use of the gross regional product. During the systematization of scientific knowledge about the methodology for analyzing the state of the consumer sector, the main indicators were identified, through which the level of its development was further assessed on the example of a specific region.