Release: 2019-1 (26)
Keywords: distance learning of schoolchildren, teaching of mathematics, control test, questioning
Annotation: Various forms of distance education are being widely introduced into school practice. However, their effectiveness has not yet been studied.The purpose of this study: to find out how well students are studying the topic proposed for distance learning, and how they relate to this new experience. We investigated the activities of students studying the topic of increased complexity in mathematics using the technology of distance learning, and the results of training on this topic. We analyzed the dynamics of changes in student performance in the process of mastering individual issues of this topic. We made a detailed analysis of learning outcomes and analysis of student survey results. Methodical recommendations on the construction of an educational and methodological complex and the form of its presentation in the electronic educational environment of the basic school are formulated. The directions of further research in this area are noted.
Using the theory of karl popper for the modernization of the modern school
Keywords: education, K. Popper theory, problem solving, educational practice, philosophy of education, critical theory, problem teaching, school
Annotation: The article offers a description and critical evaluation of The use of the concept of K. Popper in modern learning. It is argued that training involves the same actions as problem solving, that is, the process of trial and error. Despite the modernization, the modern education system works mainly on the model of knowledge transfer. Today, the use of the model of knowledge transfer is cost-effective and efficient, but modernity poses the task of forming a person who is able to think critically. That is why the school system needs to go beyond the model of knowledge transfer to give students the opportunity to pose problems, test their hypotheses and solve them by trial and error. The article emphasizes the relevance of the problems in education, which raises K. Popper, and offers ways to improve the efficiency of the educational process on the basis of the theory of problem solving.
The development of variable part professional educational program using the job description on the example of preparation of managers in sales
Keywords: job description, functional map of profession and of a teacher, the elective part of a program, additional professional competences, active learning methods
Annotation: Qualification characteristics used for the creation of work training programs contain generalized information and do not allow to take into account the peculiarities of professional activity of future specialists. The effectiveness of the educational process depends on the quality of academic disciplines work programs, in this connection there is a need to describe the specific results of students, which is a poorly structured task. The article discusses the development and application of job description allows to systematize detailed description of professional competences and structure of the functional map of the teacher and the learner. Presents the experience of development and application and job description on the example of the variable part of the professional educational program in the specialty 38.02.04 – Commerce (by industry). The analysis of professional activities of managers in modern conditions has allowed to reveal in the job analysis content of their activities, as well as the conditions, eligibility requirements, activities, and requirements for professionally important qualities.
To the question about sociocultural approach in teaching a foreign language
Keywords: sociocultural theory, sociocultural approach, competence, subcompetence, regional geography
Annotation: The article is devoted to the sociocultural approach to teaching foreign languages in non-linguistic universities based on example of the English language. Sociocultural approach is analyzed as the unity of regional (cultural), sociolinguistic (behavioural), psychological and linguo-cultural competencies. Developing of socio-cultural competency is considered to be one of the possible answers to the key question of teaching foreign languages in non-linguistic universities as a means of communication and not just a collection of intermittent knowledge and skills. Special attention in the article is given to the use of facts of geography, history, traditions, economy and political systems of different English-speaking countries at the lessons of English as they provide multiple opportunities of developing speaking and communication skills and cultural competency of students.
Implementation of competence approach in teaching the discipline «marketing» at the university
Keywords: competence, competence approach, marketing, teaching methods, forms of training
Annotation: The article is devoted to the topical for the modern system of higher professional education issue – the competence approach in the implementation of educational programs, in particular in the teaching of individual disciplines. For the information society of the 21st century, a student’s mastery of the amount of diverse knowledge seems to be insufficient; therefore, a considerable amount of creativity is added to the teaching of disciplines, which makes it possible to form competences related to the ability to generate new ideas and think creatively. The article focuses on specific forms and methods of training that form the general professional and professional competences envisaged by the curriculum for the discipline “Marketing”, such as developing the ability to analyze the relationship between functional strategies of companies, analyze the behavior of consumers of economic benefits and the formation of demand based on knowledge of economic fundamentals of behavior organizations, market structures and competitive environment of the industry. The author draws his conclusions not only on the research of modern scientists, but also on his own many years of experience.
Foreign language teaching to undergraduate economics students with the use of clil technology
Keywords: higher education, foreign language, communicative competence, content and language integrated learning, technology, CLIL, motivation
Annotation: The issues of the effectiveness of foreign language teaching to non-linguistic students do not lose their relevance in modern society since confidence in a foreign language significantly increases the competitiveness of any specialist. Special attention is paid to the choice of pedagogical technologies that will contribute to a more effective mastering of a foreign language by students. This paper discusses the features and possibilities of using CLIL technology which allows organizing the process of foreign language teaching to non-linguistic students through the integration of a foreign language with specialized subjects. The paper reveals the essence and the main characteristics of CLIL technology and describes the experience of practical application CLIL technology in foreign language teaching to undergraduate economics students in Kozma Minin Nizhny Novgorod State Pedagogical University. In conclusion, the advantages of CLIL technology in foreign language teaching to non-linguistic students are listed, as well as the possible difficulties that a teacher may face in practice.
Hackathon as a way to implement project-based learning in high school
Keywords: education, scientific knowledge, practical knowledge, project method, hackathon, pedagogical method
Annotation: The article considers the hackathon as a new way of project training. The analysis of the hackathon as an interactive method of learning based on the relevant academic literature and generalization of experience in the education system. Project activities are aimed at acquiring the necessary competencies of students, their motivation to learn modern information and communication technologies, the formation of teamwork skills. The article presents the rules and principles of the organization of project activities of students, the characteristic of the method of projects in terms of the development of modern specialist. The possibilities of organization of project activity of students with the use of hackathon are demonstrated. The conditions of using the hackathon as a pedagogical method, which allows students to improve the efficiency of self-education and the formation of knowledge about specific professional tasks and at the same time acquire the necessary skills for practical activities. In conclusion, the recommendations on the necessary pedagogical conditions for a more stable institutionalization of the project method in higher education institutions are presented.
Accompaniment of self-development and actualization of students’ life-creation potential: reflepractika experience
Keywords: reflexive practice, life creativity, reflexodrama, artistic image, actualization, self-development
Annotation: The article presents the experience of reflekraktika in order to activate the potential of life-creation and the self-development of students. It justifies and describes the program of reflekratik “Actualization of the potential of life-twister.” The content and logic of building a program opens up the possibility for group participants to conduct their own reflection on their life path in a time perspective “past – present – future”. The reflexodrama procedure included in the program suggests psychodramatic improvisation using artistic images, allows for artistic self-actualization: a special psychological space of being is created - a reflexive “other world” in which participants immerse themselves in the world of images, the world of their imagination, in order to carry out a reflexive analysis of life situations. In the course of group work, the following stages of work are assumed: reflexive diagnostics, psychodramatization stage, including: “immersion” – “assigning an image” – “playing an image” – “exiting an image” and subsequent reflexive analysis. Reflektika is designed to encourage participants to self-analyze the life path and determine their ability to reach the active stage of life-creation.
Method of identification of parameters of analog information communication model
Keywords: informational message, mathematical model, parameter identification, iterative regularization
Annotation: The paper proposes an approach to estimating the unknown constant parameters of the mathematical model of analog signals used in modern measurement systems. Accounting for the physical features of such models leads to equations of state in the form of Lagrange equations of the second kind. Further identification requires the construction of a residual functional, the minimum of which is provided by the actual values of the unknown parameters. The formulated task is the inverse incorrect according to Hadamard. Its solution is reduced to the search for a stationary point at which the minimum of the smoothing functional is provided. For this purpose, an apparatus for asynchronous variation of the trajectory and needle variation of the disturbance is used. The search for minimum conditions by the method of successive approximation to a stationary point, and then the invariant immersion method to a two-point boundary value problem leads to an iterative algorithm for identifying parameters. The effectiveness of the proposed apparatus is confirmed by numerical simulation in the MathCad environment, a comparison of the results obtained by estimating the unknown parameters of the analog signal model with the results of the Kalman filter demonstrates the advantage of this approach.
Probabilistic analysis of characteristics recovery cycle of a complex technical system
Keywords: efficiency, recovery cycle, stochastic process, residual life, forecasting, operation management of complex technical system
Annotation: The problem of the efficiency of the recovery cycle management of a complex technical system is considered. In the process of operation of complex technical systems, failures of some elements occur, and the quality of the system as a whole deteriorates. At the same time, the nature of the costs of ensuring and restoring the quality of functioning of systems is antagonistic. For each specific system, it is necessary to study the relationship between the parameters of the recovery cycle and the indicators of the quality of its functioning in relation to the complex indicator of the economic efficiency of the system at all stages of its life cycle. The article deals with the evaluation and effectiveness of management of the recovery cycle of complex technical systems on the example of civil buildings. As it is known, in the housing sector, with constantly growing material expenditures for the technical operation of buildings, the quality level of their functioning changes very slightly. It is proposed to adapt and Supplement the modern efficiency management apparatus with the recovery cycle of complex technical systems, developed for high-tech sectors of the national economy for the operation of civil buildings, taking into account their features as non-productive systems with a very high social status. Priority additions, determining the effectiveness of management of the rehabilitation cycle of civil buildings, proposed to use indicators of frequency (repeatability) of adverse situations in users of buildings and a set of socially significant costs to ensure the quality of the functioning of the building for a long time. The proposed additions provide a theoretical basis for the applied methods of management of the recovery cycle of complex systems based on the probabilistic analysis of the existing methods of technical operation of buildings.
The base of the central movements and schools of zen buddhism
Keywords: Chan Buddhism, Zen Buddhism, school of Zen Buddhism, enlightenment, religion, koan, school of Chan Buddhism
Annotation: The problem of this study is relevant in modern conditions. This is evidenced by the frequent study of the questions asked. Also the relevance of this work is due, on the one hand, a considerable interest in the topic of Buddhist traditions in modern science, on the other hand, its lack of development. The article examines the stages of Buddhist religiosity as a cultural and historical phenomenon that characterizes the anthropological aspect. The factors influencing the study of philosophical and historical features of Buddhism, as well as the consideration of the structural components of the national culture of Buddhism on the example of traditional schools of Zen Buddhism are considered. Further attention to the issue of this problem will be considered in more depth, from the point of view of a reasonable solution of particular topical problems of the subject of this decision. To understand the development of these historical processes should be determined in the main directions of the Buddhist tradition, which we consider the example of the formation of Zen Buddhism. The ways of formation of the main schools of Zen Buddhism are determined, the analysis of their formation is carried out and the main tendencies of development of the school of Chan and Zen Buddhism in modern conditions are revealed. The object of the proposed study is to analyze the conditions of formation of schools of Zen Buddhism.
Global challenges to universities
Keywords: universities, inequality, information society, unified global challenges
Annotation: The article is devoted to the consideration of socio-cultural and economic processes that form new realities of University life in the global world in knowledge society, which are associated primarily with the growth of commercialization and competition in the academic community, as well as with the growth of inequality in the teaching environment. The article consists of two sections: the first one is devoted to the place and role of higher education in the global world and to the unified challenges of our time faced by any major University. The basic contradictions between University competitiveness and the desire for social justice are considered here. The second section clarified the specifics of the University of realities in the countries of the BRICS bloc. It analyzes the current University situation in the BRICS countries in the context of the methodology of comparative analysis with the University realities of industrialized countries, as well as provides socio-cultural recommendations for its further evolution, especially in Russia.
State regulatory functions in developing tourism industry in russia
Keywords: multiplicative effect, tourism legislation, tourism and recreation complex, tourism infrastructure, cultural tourism, consumer, inbound tourism, domestic tourism, interbranch coordination
Annotation: The article proves the need for a thorough analysis and reconsidering of new forms and principles of interaction between Executive authorities at different levels and organizations working in tourism. It also presents a detailed activity analysis of this structure that allows us to identify the peculiarities of its functioning. Structural analysis of Federal Tourism Agency suggests that the priorities of tourism development are reflected only in the hotel industry. Besides in tourism there is no authority with control and supervision functions. Thus state management is not implemented for regulatory tasks and decisions.