Release: 2019-4 (29)
Keywords: social network addiction, social networking, Internet, computer technologies, communication
Annotation: The article deals with one of the forms of widespread dependence – the dependence of young people on social networks, which is caused by the almost non-stop need to communicate in various social networks. Dependence on social networks is a new problem that has not yet spread much in Russia, but every year the number of people suffering from this dependence increases. The world health organization has recognized Internet addiction as a disease. Staying on the Internet is not limited to games, young people actively communicate in social networks. The article presents statistical data indicating a continuous increase in the number of children who spend at least three hours a day on the Internet, and shows the positive and negative side of using social networks. Based on publicly available statistical data, the authors analyze the dynamics of the use of social networks by modern youth. The article also presents data from our own empirical research aimed at studying the goals and activities of young people in social networks. The results of an empirical study allowed us to draw conclusions about the level of dependence of young people on social networks. To prevent addiction, recommendations for using the Internet and social networks in particular have been developed.
INTEGRATION OF MASSIVE OPEN ONLINE COURSES INTO THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS OF BACHELORS
Keywords: higher education, massive open online course, online courses, integration, MOOC, bachelor course, student, university
Annotation: This article is devoted to the introduction of mass open online courses (moocs) into the educational process as one of the most important directions of the priority project “Modern digital educational environment in the Russian Federation”. The concept of mass-open online course is revealed. The article deals with the main models of integration of mass open online courses in educational programs of Russian universities, which conduct the practice of scoring the results of the development of moocs, there is a practice of compiling a list of recommended moocs. A number of universities of the Russian Federation which are supporters and active developers of mass open online courses are presented. In each of these universities moocs are actively included in the curricula of educational programs. The author of the article provides a fragment of the list of disciplines of the curriculum and the corresponding mass open online courses. The possibility of including online courses placed on digital educational platforms in the educational process of professional training of bachelors of 44.03.01 Pedagogical education (profile “Informatics”) is analyzed.
MODELING THE CONTENT OF TEACHING A PROFESSIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN BACHELOR’S PROGRAMS BASED ON THE OPTIMIZATION OF ITS SOURCES
Keywords: foreign language, professionally oriented training, optimization of the learning process, methods for optimizing the educational process, motivation
Annotation: This article is devoted to the problem of teaching undergraduate students a professionally oriented foreign language. The aim of this study is to model the content of teaching English based on the optimization of its sources. Among the objectives of this article was a description of learning optimization methods; characteristics of individual methods of intensification of the educational process; identification of ways to increase motivation in the study of a professionally oriented foreign language. The author pays particular attention to the conditions in which the educational process takes place, defines the leading role of optimizing the sources of training through which it is possible to intensify the educational process, to increase the motivation of students of non-linguistic specialties to learn a foreign language (English). The article discusses the methods and techniques of work, allowing to intensify the educational process and optimize teaching materials for the effective development of students professionally oriented foreign language (English) – building your own “educational route”, visual means of semantization of language units, organization of students’ independent work.
ATTEMPT TO USE THE PROJECT METHODOLOGY IN THE STUDY OF THE TOPIC “HEALTHY LIFESTYLE” IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE LESSONS. ANALYSIS OF THE RESULTS OF THE PREPARATORY STAGE
Keywords: project methodology, foreign language learning methodology, motivation, creative project, preparatory stage of the project, social advertising, linguistic analysis
Annotation: The article presents the analysis of the results obtained during the implementation of the preparatory stage of the project on the topic “Healthy lifestyle” in foreign language classes at the language faculty of the Pedagogical University. The aim of the project is to improve the communicative competence and at the same time to attract the attention of students to a socially significant problem and to form their negative attitude to smoking. The article emphasizes the relevance of the project theme for the selected audience. The methods of semantic, semiotic and contextual analysis, the method of statistical calculation were used to solve the tasks of the project. During the realization of the preparatory stage of the creative project, students accomplished an independent study of social anti-tobacco advertising, reflecting linguistic, psychological, linguistic and cultural aspects. The obtained data are of practical importance for the implementation of the next stages of the project to create an effective product of anti-tobacco social advertising.
THE IMPACT OF THE TOTAL PHYSICAL RESPONSE METHOD ON PUPILS’ MOTIVATION
Keywords: foreign language, the total physical response method, motivation, effective teaching techniques
Annotation: The article deals with the study of the total physical response method and its influence on pupils’ motivation in teaching a foreign language. Nowadays it is relevant to look for effective methods of teaching foreign languages, because the acquisition of at least one foreign language is getting necessary. The article presents the psychological and pedagogical characteristics of primary school children, emphasizes the importance of motivation while teaching English to children, reveals the essence of the total physical response method, describes the techniques of practical application of the total physical response method, shows the results of the experimental research identifying the impact of this method on the level of pupils motivation. The purpose of the article is to study the influence of the total physical response method on pupils’ motivation in the process of learning the foreign language. The methodology of the study is a theoretical analysis of psychological research, empirical research methods, qualitative and quantitative analysis of empirical data. The results show that the use of the total physical response method increases learning motivation of primary school pupils.
SELECTING A WEB STACK FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF A DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT FOR THE PROVISION OF TRANSPORT SERVICES
Keywords: digital technologies in transport, web technologies, web stacks, databases, server programming languages, PHP, Node
Annotation: The transition of transport to digital technology requires the creation of a number of transportation services. Their development is based on modern web technologies. This article discusses the main stacks used in developing web applications. The components of web stacks designed to process data at various levels of application implementation are described. The analysis of features of web stacks is carried out. The synchronous and asynchronous information processing modes, the performance of server-side information processing programs, the relational and NoSQL database management systems used, and server programming languages are considered. The advantages of web stacks for developing a certain type of application are described. The focus is on comparing stacks using the PHP language and stacks based on the Node software platform. As a result of the analysis, a conclusion was made about the advantage of the stack using the Node platform for implementing an integrated digital environment for providing transport services.
APPLICATION OF EVOLUTIONARY MODELING FOR SOFTWARE REGENERATION
Keywords: software, cybernetics, computing, updating information, regenerating software components
Annotation: The article deals with the problem regeneration of information systems software. The difference between updating and regeneration, refactoring and software regeneration is shown. The systematization of evolutionary algorithms is given. The features of genetic algorithms and algorithms for swarming bees are considered in detail. The conditions for using the swarm of bees algorithm for software regeneration are described. Algorithms for using resources based on the logistic equation are considered. The features of using the logistic equation as an indicator of software regeneration are described. Two variants of regeneration are identified: in information systems and in software. Regeneration conditions are formulated for these variants at the system level. Regeneration in information systems is applicable if the software, technology, and data system are connected in a Trinitarian way. Software regeneration is applicable provided that the combination of programs and algorithms forms a related complete system. The regeneration technology is represented as a modern technology for upgrading the software system.
ANALYSIS OF TESTING MODELS AND SYSTEMS
Keywords: education, testing, testing model, testing system, quality, stability, self-organization
Annotation: Testing systems and models used for evaluating students’ knowledge are studied in the article. The factors that affect the quality of testing models are highlighted, as well as general and specific requirements for the quality of the testing model. Methods for evaluating the quality of the testing model are considered. The stratification of testing models is investigated. The levels of stratification of testing models by functional characteristics are identified, and the analysis of structural elements and applied methods by stratification levels is carried out. Based on the selected levels, a system of properties of testing systems is proposed. The value of information relations between elements of the testing model as a system is revealed. The stability of the testing system is analyzed. Approaches to quality management of the testing system are investigated. The effect of self-organization of the testing system is considered for the first time. It is shown that this effect is associated with the free testing. Testing systems with an element of self-organization or, in a milder version, an element of subsidiarity are characterized by a long life cycle and greater efficiency in solving problems of assessing students ‘ knowledge.
SYNTHESIZED ALGORITHM FOR IMPROVING THE ACCURACY OF ESTIMATION OF PARAMETERS OF A CONTROLLED DYNAMIC SYSTEM MODEL
Keywords: microminiaturization, spacecraft, computational algorithm, synthesis, telecommunications, modeling, optimization
Annotation: Modern technical systems are complex dynamic objects with automated or automatic control. Advanced in this direction are objects of aviation, space and rocket technology. However, the increase in the number of functions performed by them, the complication of work algorithms, and the transition, as a whole, to intellectualization highlight the problem of their maintenance, i.e. assessment of the state for a given control. In practice, the study of the properties of dynamic objects, for example, space technology, is carried out by mathematical modeling of the behavior of an object in conditions close to real ones. Moreover, the quality of the assessment of the state parameters of the object determines the adequacy of the mathematical model to the real object. In this case, the main attention is paid to improving accuracy, reducing computational costs and stability of algorithms for assessing the state of a remote controlled object (spacecraft). The article considers a new state estimation algorithm based on synthesis combined with physical principles that satisfies the indicated conditions.
USE OF MODELS OF LIVING ORGANISMS FOR ANALYSIS OF EVOLUTION OF COMPLEX ORGANIZATIONAL AND TECHNICAL SYSTEMS
Keywords: system analysis, living systems, complex systems, homeostasis cycle, development algorithm, hierarchical systems, subsidiary systems, cybernetics
Annotation: The article deals with the scientific problem of modeling the processes of complex organizational and technical systems that are not described by simple mathematical models. The application of model organisms used for studying the properties and phenomena of living nature, their transformation into the field of modeling the processes of complex organizational and technical systems is studied. The properties of complex organizational and technical systems that represent a hierarchical structure of different topologies are considered. Hierarchical systems are widely used in information management and processing. The main concept of the article is that it is recommended to model complex organizational and technical systems using analogs from the field of living systems. The equivalence and similarity of living and technical systems is determined. The directions of research in the field of evolution of organizational and technical systems are determined. The article considers the theory of development of complex systems based on the Luman theory. His concept of autopoiesis is analyzed. It is shown that with increasing external and internal complexity, hierarchical systems evolve into subsidiary systems that contain an element of self-development.
PHYLOGENESIS OF INTELLECT AND EXPERIMENT IN THE UPBRINGING OF THE STUDENT’S INTELLECTUAL CREATIVE TALENT
Keywords: Language origin, the laws of mutual adaptation and transformation, supergeniuses, loss of neurons from neocortex, subconscious creative thinking, talent of creativity upbringing
Annotation: From the standpoint of psychology, author revisits the conclusion made by leading linguists, including N. Chomsky, in 2014 about the impossibility of knowing how language was created. Comparison intellectual abilities language creators and modern Homo sapiens was proposed. The author discovered a system of four laws helping to study the process of evolution as a multi-level mutual adaptation between man and the environment. Given the known data on the loss from a human embryo to 70% of neurons from the neocortex by birth, it is concluded that the creators of the language with 100% of the neurons were supergeniuses. Children are geniuses; they with their 30% of neurons in the neocortex independently master the language, or even two-three, and the laws by Newton, Pascal, and other laws of nature including the laws of mutual adaptation by Venda. Further, with the rest of the neurons, adult person can only become a talent by chance and thus get an unconscious creative thinking but is never a genius. Most adults go through initiation and have only a routine conscience thinking. Now society needs more talents that are creative. The results of a 70-year experiment to cultivate artificial talent in initially ordinary schoolboy are presented. The experiment began L.N. Venda in 1948 with the author, her son, as a subject.
THE MILITARY DIMENSION OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATION IN EU PROJECTS IN THE LATE XX – EARLY XXI CENTURIES
Keywords: European Union, Common Foreign and Security Policy, European Security and Defence Policy, Common Security and Defence Policy, European Corps, European Rapid Operational Force, European army
Annotation: The purpose of this article is to analyze the military and political aspects of European integration. The current geopolitical process of forming a multipolar world determines the relevance of the topic. The European Union, which has sufficient economic and technological potential, may well claim to be a global center of power in the future. The prospects of turning the European Union from a primarily economic organization into a full-fledged military-political bloc are an urgent scientific problem. The article deals with issues related to the formation of military structures of the European Union. Cooperation between EU countries in the field of foreign policy, security and defense is characterized. The EU’s capabilities in these areas are being evaluated. The issue of the EU’s security relations with NATO is touched. The source base of the work is the fundamental EU treaties and decisions of key summits that touched on security and defense issues. The results of the work include a description of the main projects related to the formation of the military dimension of the European community and the European Union from the post-war period to the present. It is stated that the structures created at different times are not effective enough and that the prospects for implementing the “European army” concept in the near future are uncertain. The article deals with issues related to the formation of military structures of the European Union. The cooperation of the EU countries in the field of foreign policy, security and defense is characterized. The possibilities of the European Union in these areas are evaluated. The aspects of EU with NATO security relations are touched upon.