Release: 2018-2 (25)
Keywords: quality of living, population, real income of the population, rating by regions, improvement of the population’s quality of life
Annotation: This paper contains the analysis of the modern level and the living quality of the Russian population. It has been noted that the continuing crisis in Russia increases the level of wealth inequality and feeds fragmentation of the society. Unfortunately, in general throughout the country, the level of the population’s living quality has decreased to the level of 2009, and the recovery will be possible only in the mid-2020s. According to the forecast of the Analytical Credit Rating Agency (ACRA) in 2017 the wealth decline will be equal to 0.2%, while the next three years it will hardly exceed 1%. The paper contains the analysis of the population’s living quality rated by the regions. In accordance with the rating of the Russian population’s living quality by the regions, the RIA-Rating Agency reports Moscow, Saint-Petersburg and the Moscow Oblast are the leading regions, while the outsiders with the lowest quality of living are the Karachay-Cherkess Republic, Ingushetia and Tuva. In some regions, significant decline in the living quality is observed.
The essence and content for “the digital economy” category
Keywords: digital economy, digitalization, large data, universal communication, cloud services, automation, Internet of things
Annotation: The article studies the definitions of the category «Digital Economy» and on the basis of this the author’s definition is developed. It is shown that for the first time the description of the digitalization of the economy was proposed by Robert Vakhalovi in 1971, and described the process of the genesis of the digital economy by Nicholas Negroponte. From this moment comes the epochal changes associated with the digitalization of the economy, which contribute to the genesis of new spheres of labor application and transform the relations between economic agents within the old spheres. The development of digital technologies in the economic and social life of society shows that with the help of Internet technologies, the subjects of economic relations have the opportunity to communicate, coordinate and instantly exchange information in real time and being in any geographical point of the world. The study of the structural elements of the digital economy has shown that the key factor in its development is the spread of the Internet in the economic activities of the state, firms and households. The formation of a new paradigm of economic relations is based on the diffusion of Internet technologies, communication tools, the use of large data, the genesis of the Internet of things, the use of cloud technologies, automation and robotization. It is shown that as the main means of communication by means of Internet technologies, a mobile phone became the use of which allows real-time monitoring of business processes occurring at the enterprise, setting tasks for employees, monitoring their activities. The article reflects that digital technologies are used in the economic and social activities of households, firms and the state.
Features of the budgetary system of the regions of the russian arctic on the example of the yamal-nenets autonomous district
Keywords: budget, budget system, regions of the Arctic zone, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District, budget revenues, taxes, budget expenses, budget deficit
Annotation: The regions of the Russian Arctic play an important role in the economy of the Russian Federation. In the article on the example of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug the features of the budget system of the Northern regions are considered. Climatic, geographical and infrastructural features of the Northern regions give rise to significant features of all areas of socio-economic development of these regions, including the budget system. Compilation and execution of the regional budget of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous district is carried out in accordance with the requirements of the Budgetary code of the Russian Federation subject to the specifics established by the YNAO Law «On the budget process in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous district». Drafting of the district budget is carried out by the Department of Finance of the Autonomous Okrug, which cooperates with the Department of economy of the Autonomous Okrug, subjects of budget planning. The planning of the district budget expenses is carried out separately for the current and accepted expenditure obligations of the Autonomous district. The peculiarity of the district budget is also the fact that the legislation of the Autonomous district provides for the opening and maintenance of personal accounts for organizations that are not participants in the budget process. As a result of the analysis carried out in this article, the authors conclude that the specific structure of both the revenue and expenditure part of the budgets of the Northern regions of the Russian Federation (a high proportion of property tax in the income structure, a significant amount of expenditure to support the real sectors of the economy and housing and communal services). At the same time, the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug is allocated a significant share of its own revenues and high budget provision, due to the significant volume of hydrocarbon production and high budget occupancy revenues from the enterprises of the fuel and energy complex.
Optimization of the banking network as a way to increase the effectiveness of activities of commercial bank
Keywords: commercial bank, financial condition, online-banking, accounting branch, digitalization
Annotation: Improving competitiveness and ensuring the economic development of the Russian Federation involves solving the problem of effective redistribution of investment resources through the participation of financial intermediaries. The relevance of the study due to the fact that the globalization of the market and the change in its structure affect not only the economic situation of individual countries (States), but also the world economy as a whole. However, the high degree of interdependence among countries and the huge cross-border capital movements unregulated by States make the global economic system more vulnerable. At the same time, any failures in the global financial system lead to severe economic and financial consequences. The globalization of financial markets has led to a marked increase in their volatility and increased the impact of the spread of financial turmoil in global markets. This is particularly the case for developing countries and countries with economies in transition. In 2014-2015, the Bank of Russia faced a number of such global challenges in implementing its monetary policy. The peculiarities of the economic situation include bilateral sanctions and a large-scale weakening of the ruble, with the result that inflation was above the target level set in accordance with the main directions of monetary policy of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation. Financial crisis caused a multiple number of revocation of licenses. This study examines the problem associated with the process of assessing the financial condition of the Bank, discusses the main indicators of the assessment of the financial condition of commercial banks, as well as the attention paid to the modern method of improving the efficiency of the commercial Bank – reducing the banking network.
Digital technologies in banking service. Russian and international experience
Keywords: banking, banking services, banking operations, technologies, online-banking, mobile banking
Annotation: Russian market of services today is vide and very competitive. The banks offer to clients the vide variety of products. At the same time, mobile banking is the most rapidly growing part of remote servicing. This article gives an anlysis of complex integration of innovation technologies in bank service. The authors specify advantages of mobile banking compared to the general services provided in the bank. In addition, described some modern trends in mobile banking functioning and provided brief application reviews of main financial players in Russia and abroad.
Audit of provision for unused vacation
Keywords: provision for unused vacation, valuation obligation, audit procedures
Annotation: In the area of accounting regulation, there is a tendency for Russian accounting standards to converge with international financial reporting standards. The main provision, taken from the concept of international standards, is a reflection of the current value of the articles of accounting (financial) statements. One such provision is the creation of provision in the accounting, in order to reflect reliable data in the reporting, thereby increasing the informativeness of accounting users. The article discusses the features of the creation of provision for unused vacation in the company. The types of vacation, depending on the activities of the companies, influence on the provision of vacation. Their influence on the formation of the provision for unused vacation is considered in the article. The author has identified the factors that affect the risk of material misstatement of the formed provision for unused vacation for the preparation of accounting (financial) statements of the audited entity. The list of factors given in article promotes carrying out qualitative carrying out analytical procedures. Audit procedures have been proposed to verify provision for unused vacation. The article offers models of working documents for the auditor to determine the possibility of distortion of the articles of accounting (financial) statements.
Trends and factors of the labor market development: levels of analysis
Keywords: labor force, microlevel of intraindustry competition, meso level of interbranch competition, international labor mobility and levels of supranational regulation of the labor market, labor market development trends
Annotation: The article attempts to study the levels of analysis of labor market trends and factors in the unity of the intraindustry microlevel of hiring transactions, the meso level of inter-industry competition in the labor market and international labor movement as a mechanism for realizing its competitiveness in the global labor market. The analysis of the employed population in the territory of the Russian Federation by types of economic activity is carried out. The study of the world experience of the functioning of the labor market, with the exception of the mega-level, shows a tendency to dominate the territorial determinant of the supply of labor. The authors summarize that the objective function of the activities of public employment services should be to promote the welfare of households and the development of entrepreneurial structures at all levels. As a result, the levels of analysis of labor market elements in the unity of the intra-industry micro-level, inter-sectoral mesolevel and in-country movement of the labor force, and international labor movement are structured. And it was also determined that the demand and supply in the labor market should be studied as a multi-level system at the mega-level of the international labor organization.
Analysis of food provision of the country under the sanctions
Keywords: foreign sanctions, import of food, food provision, market, import substitution
Annotation: This paper contains the analysis of food provision of the Russian population under the foreign sanctions. It is noted that the economic blockade has disturbed the established production and economic ties, increased the stress in the food provision of the country, and had an adverse effect on the food security of Russia. The imposition of the food embargo has led to the losses for the European business targeted at Russia. The EU has incurred losses in the agriculture, especially regarding overproduction. It is noted that the economic sanctions imposed by the West have had both positive and adverse effect of the food security of the country. On the one hand, this economic blockade has resulted in the increasing vulnerability of the Russian economy and the stress in the food provision of the country. On the other hand, according to the experts, thanks to the sanctions Russia has got a positive dynamics as well as significant results in the agroindustrial sector.
Current status and directions of transformation of healthcare in the russian federation
Keywords: digital economy, health care, information and communication technologies of telemedicine
Annotation: The Article is devoted to the study of the current state and directions of health care transformation in the Russian Federation in the Genesis of the digital economy. It is shown that from 2005 till now the steady tendency of decrease in medical institutions in the Russian Federation was formed. First of all, the reduction affected medical institutions that are located in rural areas. Thus, the Ministry of health implements a policy of cost optimization, which concerns medical institutions with low rates of demand. At the same time, there are costs of the policy of reducing medical institutions, which is due to the decrease in the availability of medical services for the population due to the geographical dispersion of settlements on the territory of the Russian Federation and the development of a negative social effect on households. At the same time, the number of beds in hospitals is decreasing. At the same time, there is a reduction in the number of medical personnel with a simultaneous increase in the workload. In our opinion, the solution to these problems could be the introduction of digital technologies into the activities of medical institutions. Diffusion of technologies of remote medicine should reduce the burden on health workers and increase the availability of medicine for the population and in particular in remote geographical areas of Russia. The introduction of Internet of things technologies should contribute to improving the monitoring of patients ‘ health in real time. Translation of documents and introduction of electronic medical records of patients will optimize the costs of the organization of the medical institution, intensify the activities of the doctor in the field of document management and ensure transparency of medical activities. The study showed that in modern conditions there is a diffusion of digital technologies in the health care of the Russian Federation.
Specificity in directing of high potentialmanagers in modern company
Keywords: High-potential young managers (HPM), HPM management problems, human resources, human capital, professional potential, competitive advantages of the organization
Annotation: In this article, based on the analysis of specialized literature and experience, the specifics of managing highpotential managers in companies are revealed, the role of HPM management processes in the development of the company is shown. In many Russian companies, high-potential young employees are given special attention, they are identified through various evaluation procedures, develop individual development programs, and enlist in the personnel reserve for managerial positions. The subject of the study is the human resources management system of modern companies in the part related to the management of high-potential managers (HPM) as the most important resource that can enhance the company’s competitive position. The subject of the study is the characteristic features of HPM and HPM management problems associated with the availability of these features, as well as with the management trends of the modern organization that have developed to date in Russia. Increased attention to the effective management of HPM is due to the increased role of intangible assets in the activities of organizations. Particular emphasis is placed on describing the attributes of HPM and the questions that confront the modern manager, who relies on talented employees. The main methods used in the study are system analysis and synthesis.
Specifics of coaching methods
Keywords: coaching, coaching technologies, management, coach, development
Annotation: The article reveals the problems of coaching as an innovative effective management tool, considers some methods, techniques and tools of coaching, the use of which allows a person to develop both as a professional and as a person. With the help of coaching methods, tools and technologies, on the one hand, the Manager can clearly divide personal and business life, realizing in all spheres of his life, while creating and competently observing the balance, and on the other – the coach can help the head to understand his true goals, the reasons for success and failure, to help in finding his own solutions. Coaching is considered as a way to increase individual innovativeness and competitiveness of the Manager in terms of increasing personal responsibility, disclosure of emotional intelligence, motivation to achieve both personal and corporate goals
The questions of organization management of transport sector at the city district (by the example of the balashikha moscow region)
Keywords: state and municipal management, transport complex, efficiency, agglomeration, infrastructure
Annotation: The article deals with topical issues of transport complex management, reveals possible ways to improve the efficiency of the transport system management in the territory of Balashikha urban district. The authors proposed ways to modernize the transport complex, with an increase in the possibilities for the development of the municipal economy, the social and municipal environment, and the optimization of the transport flow, which, according to the authors, will lead to an increase in the investment and housing attractiveness of the urban district.
Modern economics education development: challenges and strategies analysis
Keywords: education, economist, economic education
Annotation: Today’s challenges require to revise the existing approaches to training of students of economic disciplines. Such challenges include a number of problems: the emergence of innovative information technologies in various spheres of our lives, rapid changes in various sectors of the economy, weakening and “materialization” of motivation of students, the discrepancy between the views of teachers, the state, science and the market about the knowledge that a modern economist should have. Such fundamental modern trends as, for example, “digitalization”set a special tone for the development of the modern education system. Based on the analysis of abstracts and articles devoted to this problem, the author tries to identify the demand for “digital” competencies for economists in the modern Russian labor market. Another trend, which is now focused on the expert community, members of the government and the media – bringing the learning process to the development of skills that will be in demand in the market and in the future workplace graduate. At the same time, it is important to find a middle ground between the formation of these specialized skills and the expansion of the economic, legal, managerial erudition of graduates-economists in order to “not throw the child out with water”. Thus, in this article, based on the methods of comparative analysis and induction, Russian and international developments, as well as the experience of teaching the author of economic disciplines in higher education (Moscow Witte University), we will try to find recipes and propose new approaches to improve the quality and development of economic education in Russia.