Release: 2021-1 (34)
Keywords: research activities, pedagogical monitoring, project activities, professional competencies, electronic portfolio
Annotation: The purpose of the article is to substantiate the importance of pedagogical monitoring of students ‘ activities using digital technologies, namely, an electronic portfolio. The relevance of the research topic is due to the fact that an important issue of modern education is the development, testing and further implementation of a system for monitoring the quality of the educational process in universities. Pedagogical monitoring of students ‘ activities contributes to their academic and personal development, which is an integral component in the practice of acquiring general cultural and professional competencies. One of the tools of such monitoring is an electronic portfolio, which provides a visual representation of the competencies acquired by students and allows them to identify the individual trajectory of their creative development. Documented achievements of students are elements of a professional resume and may be of interest to potential employers. In this paper, an empirical study and a pedagogical experiment were conducted on the basis of the Nizhny Novgorod State Pedagogical University named after K. Minin. Based on the results of the conducted research, conclusions are drawn about the importance of the electronic portfolio as a new technology for evaluating not only the educational activities of students, but also their personal, socially significant and academic achievements.
THE SITUATION OF SUCCESS AS AN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE JOY OF EDUCATIONAL WORK
Keywords: success situation, joy, motivation to achieve success
Annotation: The article combines scientific and pedagogical ideas about the situation of success as a source and method of developing the joy of educational work. As a conceptual basis for creating a situation of success, the following are proposed: the idea of tomorrow’s joy by A.S. Makarenko; the idea of the joy of knowing by V.A. Sukhomlinsky; the idea of the joy of cooperation by S.A. Amonashvili. On this basis, the situation of success is stated as the leading condition for the development of the joy of educational work. The article reveals the pedagogical content of the situation of success as an opportunity for the development of the joy of educational work, highlights the hidden and internal mechanisms of its creation in educational activities. It is shown that the situation of success is such pedagogical conditions in which a person always has the opportunity to achieve a personally significant educational result and evaluate it as successful, which is accompanied by a sense of joy. Without a sense of joy, there is no cognitive interest and desire to learn. A success situation is an opportunity to experience joy, which contributes to increased cognitive activity and learning motivation, as well as academic performance of students. The applied interpretation and illustration reflects the stages of possible joy in educational and pedagogical interaction, which turns into personal-developing cooperation. Based on the multidimensional nature of the situation of success, we have built and supplemented the classification of its types and presented the author’s pedagogical technology of its creation in educational activities.
WEB-QUEST TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE AT THE UNIVERSITY
Keywords: web-quest, technology, internet resources, task, speech activity, educational process
Annotation: The article deals with the potential of applying web quest technology in teaching English at a modern university. It analyzes the advantages of information technologies` employing in educational process. The article justifies the necessity of applying web quest technology in teaching a foreign language as it contributes to solving a number of important tasks: organization of independent and group activities of students, development of critical and analytical thinking, activization of all types of speech activities. The author presents her own web quest used in English lessons, contributing to the development of linguistic, cognitive and communicative skills of students.
MODERN METHODOLOGICAL GUIDELINES IN THE STUDY OF DISCOURSE
Keywords: discourse, pandemia topics, meaningful content analysis, structural content analysis, intent analysis, discourse analysis, military metaphor
Annotation: The study is devoted to topical issues of discourse. The thematic focus of pandemia orientation is given as an example. Of great importance is the choice of the methodological orientation of the problem coverage for the objectification of the results obtained. Within the framework of the research article the essence of the strategy and tactics for the application of the methodological component of the discourse texts analysis is indicated. The purpose of the study is to determine the most essential combination of methods for an integrated study of the discourse of pandemia thematic orientation. The research methodology reflects the methods of content analysis (of content and structural character), intent analysis, and discourse analysis, the combination of which is an objective basis for a comprehensive study and understanding of the discourse of pandemia thematic orientation. This makes it possible to carry out a pragmatic description of the texts of pandemia thematic orientation on the basis of linguistic representation. The results of the study consist in developing a combination of compatible methods for an adequate assessment of the texts of pandemia thematic orientation.
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE IDEAS OF STUDENT-CENTERED LEARNING IN THE CONTEXT OF THE USE OF DISTANCE LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES
Keywords: student-centered learning; distance learning technologies; digital educational environment
Annotation: The article is devoted to the issue of improving the effectiveness of educational activities of students studying with the use of distance educational technologies. The aim of the work is to study the possibilities of implementing a student-centered approach, focused on their interests and students ‘ capabilities, in the context of learning mediated by computer technologies. The ultimate goal of this approach is to develop the autonomy and independence of students who are responsible for their own learning outcomes. The paper shows the advantages of the student-centered approach, lists the main principles of student-centered learning. The tasks facing the student who independently manages educational activities in the conditions of the digital educational space are listed. The strategy of organizing the joint work of the teacher and students proposed in the article is aimed at providing each student with the opportunity to take a direct part in determining the principles and rules of joint educational activities. The article presents pedagogical techniques that allow organizing training centered on the interests and opportunities of students in the digital educational space.
THE REBUILDING PROBLEM OF THE EMOTIONAL PERSONALITY SPHERE OF FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS IN THE PERIOD OF ADAPTATION TO THE UNIVERSITY CONDITIONS
Keywords: emotional sphere, personality, freshmen, adaptation, anxiety, social fears, communication
Annotation: The period of adaptation of freshmen to the university environment is a difficult period in their lives, associated with the restructuring of the usual social and interpersonal relationships that developed during schooling. Finding themselves in new conditions, freshmen initially find themselves in a situation of uncertainty, which imposes a limitation on the ability to use past experience. A higher educational institution with new requirements and tasks, as well as new student groups that are just beginning to form, present new requirements that cause changes in the emotional sphere of students associated with an increase in the level of anxiety and the inclusion of adaptive mechanisms. In the study considered in this work, as a result of psychodiagnostics using the technique of L.N. Grosheva “Social fears” the most pronounced experiences of freshmen in the period of adaptation to the conditions of the university were revealed. During the analysis of the results obtained, it was possible to determine that for freshmen the most relevant are the experiences associated with the formation of their new status in the newly created team and loss of the previous interpersonal relations.
THE ROLE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS IN THE PREVENTION OF AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR OF STUDENTS
Keywords: aggressive behavior, forms of aggression, prevention of aggression, conflict behavior, sports activity, aggression in sports
Annotation: The article describes the main forms of aggression and identifies the means of physical culture and sports that can be used to prevent various manifestations of aggressive behavior of students. The “Bass – Darky” technique allowed the author to identify the level of manifestation of typical forms of aggressive behavior, such as: physical, indirect, verbal aggression, negativism and irritation, as well as to characterize the increasing degree of feelings such as resentment and suspicion. The study was conducted on the basis of the Moscow Witte University. The survey involved 100 full-time students of the Faculty of Law, Economics and the Faculty of Information Technology. Analysis of the results of this survey shows that active physical education and sports have a positive effect on reducing the level of destructiveness and aggression of students. The results of this study can become the basis for the development of recommendations for universities, taking into account the fact that physical education and sports should be aimed not only at improving the health and improvement of the physical body, but also at correcting the personality.
THE LEGAL AWARENESS AS A SYSTEM-FORMING FACTOR IN THE FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL READINESS OF FUTURE LAWYERS FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITIES
Keywords: legal awareness, professional readiness, formation, modeling of monitoring activities, forecasting of the educational process
Annotation: This article discusses the theoretical and methodological foundations of the formation of the legal consciousness of future lawyers at the university. Legal awareness plays a constructive role as a regulator and analyzer in the formation of personal legal consciousness, and ultimately, the entire legal culture of the individual. Based on the theoretical analysis of the scientific literature, the authors reveal the main approaches to the essence of the concepts of “legal awareness” and “professional readiness”. The results of the empirical study reflect the dynamics of the development of legal awareness, which is caused by a change in the attitude to the norms and rules of public life through the development of professional subjectivity and self-awareness in the profession. The process of increasing the subjective position of students is characterized by a creative, actively selective attitude to their chosen profession and their fate. It is established that the process of forming the readiness of future lawyers to work in law enforcement agencies is aimed at creating conditions for high-quality professional training at the university, which is based on the subjective position of students, their personal resource (competence, legal awareness, legal culture). The conditions of students professional training are justified: the personal significance of legal education as a necessary component of their professional competence and its relevance in society; integration, unity and complementarity of state and regional interests in the content and structure of legal education; educational and methodological support of the educational process in relation to the areas of professional activity of subjects of legal practice; monitoring, which allows to diagnose the formation of students’ competencies, model and predict the pedagogical process, make management decisions on its correction, promote the intellectual and moral development of the student’s personality and his professional self-determination.
FUNCTIONAL APPROACH TO THE ASSESSMENT OF ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDY GROUPS
Keywords: assessment of group performance, sigmoid, logit, performance function, integral assessment, Rasch model
Annotation: The article deals with the method of comparative assessment of group performance of students on the basis of specially developed characteristics. The methodology is intended for comparative analysis of the results of the activities of different groups within the same educational institution. In this paper, we propose a new type of sigmoid function, which is called the academic performance function. The arguments of the academic performance function are positive values. In fact, these arguments are related to the number of students in the group and the grades received. The special characteristics of the proposed methodology are the efficiency function and the integral evaluation of the test results. The method of comparative assessment of group performance of students using the proposed performance function is an alternative to the Rasch model. In practical application for teaching staff, the method is less time-consuming, which is demonstrated by practical examples. The method is described and the results of experimental evaluation using this method are presented. The conditions for using the method are described.
ALTERATIONS IN THE FUNCTIONS AND ROLES OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT WITHIN THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY AND THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE TWENTIETH AND EARLY TWENTY-FIRST CENTURIES ON THE BASIS OF THE BASIC EUROPEAN INTEGRATION TREATIES
Keywords: European Parliament, European Coal and Steel Committee, European economic community, European Union, Lisbon Treaty, Treaty of Amsterdam, Single European Act, Treaty on European Union, Treaties establishing the European Communities
Annotation: The article takes into cognizance the historical creation and evolution of the European Parliament Institute in the second half of the XX – and early XXI centuries. This pertinence is justified by the steady increase in the value of this structure in, the system of European Union bodies, despite the fact, that the European Union, which consist of 27 countries, currently considers itself to be one of the major centers of a multi-polar world. The purpose of the article is to identify the stages of formation of this structure, transformation of its values and functions over the past 70 years. Document analysis and the comparative historical methods were used as the key rules of work. The article provides an overview of the key powers of the European Parliament, shows their changes under the influence of the development of Western European integration. Attention is paid to the gradual expansion of the controlling functions of the EP, the transition first from consultative powers to deliberative and, finally, to legislative ones. The article analyzes the provisions of the Rome, Maastricht, Amsterdam, Lisbon treaties, the Single European Act, the Nice Treaty. On the basis of their position, the four stages of development of the European Parliament are substantiated, indicating the characteristic processes and innovations.
DIGITALIZATION OF EDUCATION THROUGH THE PRISM OF HUMANITARIAN APPROACHES AND ASSESSMENTS (PART 2)
Keywords: digitalization of education, digital technologies, cognitive technologies, pedagogical technologies, information, knowledge
Annotation: In the second part of the work, attention is focused on the fundamental differences between the educational process and any other form of social production. The very specifics of the educational process, in which the process of information influence on thinking takes place, is associated with the most complex dialectic of the interaction of information and thinking. The paper considers the qualitative differences between information and knowledge, analyzes their system characteristics. Examples of the features of the work of modern students with digital technologies are presented. The main factors leading to a sharp decline in the quality of education in higher education are analyzed. In conclusion, the conclusions and recommendations on overcoming the identified negative trends in education related to the costs of digitalization of the educational process are presented.
Keywords: digital society, information society, post-post-industrial society, hybridization, new normality, VUCA-world
Annotation: Many thinkers have tried to prove that we live in a simple world, yet man complicates it, but this is not the case. The world is complex independently of us. Firstly, there is a plethora of objects in the world, secondly, it is constantly changing and, thirdly, it is heterogeneous. Plurality, versatility and heterogeneity are already sufficient qualities to recognize the complexity of the world. Micro, macro and mega levels are challenging from the Big Bang itself. If we take social reality, then here we also observe a complication associated with the increase in the number of homo sapience on Earth. As demographic indicators grow, the level of competition increases, sustainable objects become hybrids, verity becomes post-truth, and the state of society becomes chaosmos. Purpose of the work: to present a methodology of complexity in a new technological order. Applied research methods: structural analysis, system analysis, factor analysis, synergetics. As a result of the conducted research, the following Results were obtained: 1) speed is considered as a factor of complexity; 2) the cognitive conditions of complexity are considered; 3) the adaptive capabilities of society to complexity are conceptualized as a new normality, representing the convergence of modern social processes while preserving identities and boundaries of interpretation.