Release: 2018-4 (25)
Keywords: course-building, module, module structure, culture of speech, philology, linguistics
Annotation: The article aims at analyzing opportunities of perfecting teaching humanities in non-humanitarian universities based on example of the Russian language. For this purpose the following objectives are reached: efficiency through the prisms of humanities is tackled; potential of such disciplines is revealed; module content structure is proved. The method of research is componential linguo-pedagogical analysis that reveals the specificity of linguistic knowledge, its interdisciplinary ties and potential opportunities of it being used for perfecting educational process.
INFLUENCE OF ANXIETY ON THE CONFLICT BEHAVIOR
Keywords: anxiety, conflict, interpersonal conflict, conflict
Annotation: The article analyzes the causes of conflict in an educational institution, as well as a sense of anxiety as a factor in the escalation of conflict behavior. The relationship between upbringing and accumulation of anxiety is described. Features of anxious children are brought. The conclusion is made about the connection of anxiety and the suppressing system of education in conflict situations in an educational institution.
THE INFLUENCE OF PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS ON THE PROCESS
Keywords: strategic competence, pedagogical conditions, communicative activity, pedagogical framework, learning environment,the organizational-pedagogical conditions, psychological-pedagogical conditions, didactic conditions
Annotation: Strategic competency and its role in formation of students’ readiness for foreign communicative activity is one of the most important conditions of effective foreign training of non-linguistic students for successful intercultural communication. It is important as to be able to practice effective interpersonal and intercultural communication, which is considered as the basic result of high education, a modern specialist must have a sum of linguistic, cross-cultural and etiquette knowledge as well as be able to choose definite linguistic clichés which are appropriate for the communicative situation. A graduate must also be able to react to unexpected turnings of the conversation, must know how to choose the adequate line of communicative behavior and how to avoid from some possible problems, which can obstruct effective interaction of partners in communication. However, to make such communicative activity possible, strategic competence must be considered as students’ and graduates’ functional feature. Thus, the purpose of this article is to analyze the pedagogical conditions considered as one of the components of a pedagogical framework. The main problems the author deals with are: to analyze and classify the phenomenon of pedagogical conditions; to emphasize and describe the pedagogical conditions which may have a positive impact on the process of formation of students’ strategic competence; to define the key features of pedagogical conditions which determine the process of formation of the strategic competence while studying foreign languages at non-linguistic university. The solution of the problems was carried out with the help of general scientific methods, such as analysis and synthesis as well as description and modeling. As a result of the research the author introduces an author’s model of the complex of pedagogical conditions which promote the formation of non-linguistic students’ strategic competence.
QUIZ AS A MEANS OF CHECKING KNOWLEDGE
Keywords: education, knowledge, skills, automatic skills, competences, exam, memorizing, oral check, quiz
Annotation: Post-Soviet social transformations touched upon all the sides of social life, including education both secondary and higher. Current educational reality principally differs from that of 30 years ago. One of the crucial reformation elements in education is considerable decrease of knowledge component and competence incline as well both at school and in university. Educational technologies also underwent considerable changes, which manifested in rating system, electronic testing, distant-learning implemented in the education process. The article attempts to estimate the efficiency of such changes and their influence on real forming students’ knowledge and competences. The key conclusion is the statement that the better is, probably, harmful for the good and one step forward means usually two following steps back. Meanwhile neglecting knowledge component inevitably leads to considerable decrease in quality of education level. The author suggests practical steps for increasing the level of knowledge forming and its checking by means of a quiz.
LESSON-STUDY AS AN INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY FOR TEACHERS’ PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCES DEVELOPMENT
Keywords: teacher, teacher, professional competence of the teacher, professional development, innovative technologies, Lesson Study
Annotation: The article presents analysis of capabilities of Lesson-Study technology for development of teachers’ professional competences and identifies the features of its usage in teaching practice. The relevance of the research is substantiated by importance of teacher’s professional growth under present conditions of reforming Russian education, as well as by increasing attention to studying the relevant foreign pedagogical experience, particularly, the experience of using Lesson-Study for developing and improving teaching and learning processes. The article reveals Lesson-Study content (a pedagogical approach that characterizes a special form of сlass activity research, aimed at improving teacher’s practical knowledge). Lesson-Study genesis is described as well. The attitude of modern scholars and teachers to using Lesson-Study for professional competences development is analyzed. The stages of Lesson-Study implementation are highlighted and its advantages are listed.
ACTIVE LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES AT THE UNIVERSITY AS A MEANS OF SELF-ACTUALIZATION OF THE SUBJECTS OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS
Keywords: self-actualization, teacher, students, personality, individuality, interaction, free choice, self-organization, creative knowledge, technology, organizational forms, interactive methods
Annotation: The article is devoted to the actual problem for modern pedagogy of higher school-the identification of organizational and pedagogical conditions for self-actualization in the educational process of students and teachers. The author pays considerable attention to the substantiation of reference points for the teacher’s choice of appropriate learning technologies, which include: opportunities for creating a space of free choice and creative knowledge; opportunities for polysubject interaction. The analysis of modern active technologies and methods from the specified positions allows revealing their special potential in providing necessary conditions for selfactualization of subjects of educational process.
THE FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF DESIGNERS THROUGH THE DEVELOPMENT OF DECORATIVE ARTS TRADITIONS
Keywords: Artisans, technology, dyeing, silk, wool, method, professional competence, pedagogical condition, natural dyes, plant
Annotation: The twentieth century entered the history of civilizations as a time of advances in information technology, which caused changes in the thinking of society, influenced the development of science, art and culture, led to significant changes in the perception of a modern man. Professional competence cannot be built within sudden training at the University. The competence of a graduate and his professionalism is projected into knowledge, skills, and abilities of a specialist. The article deals with the actual problems of formation of professional competences in the process of teaching students of the direction «art of costume and textiles», where the ability of a graduate of a higher educational institution directly depends on the formation of his professional and personal qualities, artistic and project thinking, creative potential, desire for professional growth and self-realization. The author reveals the historical background and methods of using the heritage of our ancestors. The conditions and regularities of the formation of professional competencies of graduates are revealed through the development and application of traditional knowledge and arts and crafts, through the development of fabric dyeing technology at the initial stage of the project design.
POWER ESTIMATION TECHNIQUES IN CMOS CIRCUIT DESIGN
Keywords: VLSI design, power consumption, CMOS technology, simulation, power estimation
Annotation: The design of low-power circuits is becoming increasingly important due to the fact that excessive energy dissipation by digital devices becomes an obstacle to further increase the integration level and VLSI complexity, as well as due to the expansion of the market of portable self-powered devices. The energy consumption depends on many electrical and topological parameters of the circuit, and its reduction can be ensured at different design levels. In this connection, one of the most important problems is the development of methods and tools for energy consumption estimation not only of circuits at the transistor level, but also for calculating forecast estimates in the process of their design. The paper deals with the problem of energy consumption estimation of microcircuits based on CMOS technology. The energy consumption estimate is understood as the estimate of the average value of the energy dissipated by the circuit. The paper presents an analytical survey of known methods for estimating the average energy consumption of static CMOS circuits in the normal mode of their operation, used at different design stages.
MOBILE APPLICATIONS OF LIFE SAFETY MONITORING
Keywords: mobile application, web service, information environment, operational monitoring, life safety
Annotation: The increase of response efficiency of the rescue and emergency services to emergency situations and incidents with use of the modern information and communication technologies is especially relevant in sparsely populated and extensive territories of Siberia. We offer the technology of mobile two-sided data exchange for complex monitoring of dangerous events: from one side – the “public monitoring” of dangers, threats and violations ensuring online information to management centre, and from another side – mailing to “mobile subscribers” of the spot news, forecasts of a situation, reliable information about emergency situations and the course of their elimination. In this paper, the functional features of hardware and software in field of life safety for the purpose of their selection and integration in the system of complex monitoring are investigated. The questions of creation of the hybrid applications, which provides the advantages of the native and web applications integration are considered. The main of them are cross-platform and direct access possibility to the mobile devices equipment. The information services of complex monitoring of dangerous events were applied in Emercom crisis management centre of the Krasnoyarsk region.
COMPLEMENTARITY AND COMPLIANCE RELATIONSHIP IN INFORMATION SYSTEMS
Keywords: system analysis, artificial intelligence, information processing, complementarity, compliance, informational compliance
Annotation: The article explores two important factors of information systems and models: complementarity and informational correspondence. Complementarity may be present in information processing and decision–making systems. Logical complementarity may be present in the logic circuits and algorithms of complementarity improves the quality of the system and its balance. Informational compliance allows you to make a comparative assessment and evaluate the ability to solve problems before starting from a solution. The article systematizes the types of complementarity and informational conformity. An example of linear complementarity equations that are used to solve optimization problems is shown. An analogue is the simplex method, which is applicable only for piecewise linear functions. The linear complementarity method is applicable for more complex functions. Complementarity allows checking various processes for truth and non-contradiction. Program verification methods use the complementarity property implicitly. The article introduces three related complementary concepts: functional consistency, functional complement, functional consistency. These three concepts describe a common entity, but allow you to analyze it separately. The article shows the similarities and differences between informational correspondence and complementarity.
PR UNDER INSTITUTIONAL HETEROGENEITY
Keywords: evolution of institutes, institutional heterogeneity, deformation of subjects’ behavioral functions, PR institutional development, PR-communications, regional PR
Annotation: The article aims at revealing the issues of PR institutional development in present-day Russian society as well as the vector of behavioral attitudes in the context of institutional evolution under globalization. The topicality of research is confirmed by newly appearing vectors of institutional space of post-industrial society. Continuing transformations of institutes in the aspect of globalization conditions the interest in the issue of institutional heterogeneity with high indeterminateness and deep deformation of subjects’ behavioral functions. The topicality is also conditioned by clearly appearing heterogeneity of Russian economic and social space. The latter is characterized among all by the dependence of the trajectory of past development. Under such conditions the understanding of which specific institutes appear in this process and which is the institutional platform and dominants under globalization gains topicality as well.
HUMAN DIGITAL INTERNET TRACE: HUMANITARIAN APPROACHES
Keywords: digital trace, Internet, approach, digital personality, social interaction, digital reality, digital society
Annotation: The presented article deals with the approaches to the issue of human digital trace on the Internet i.e. the sum of information a man leaves, searches and consumes in the net. It grounds the topicality of humanitarian aspect on the background of Internet rising not only as telecommunication technology but as a specific social space as well. Taking into account the fact that for many people electronic space has become a lifestyle this space claims for the status of socio-existential. The article reveals the stages of Internet genesis that led to its availability and social spread and detects their interconnection. It reveals the components of digital trace and their interrelation. The key link is enumerating humanitarian approaches that present a possibility to study this phenomenon in different aspects. Thus the leading method of research is humanitarian abstraction and interdisciplinary analysis. The conclusions prove the potential of humanitarian paradigm of studying the Internet and outline the corresponding vectors of deeper researches of humans living in digital space.
EXPERIENCE AND PROSPECTS OF USING OF GEOINFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN MODERN ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCHES
Keywords: geographic information systems, archeology, remote sensing, virtual reconstruction, spatial data
Annotation: The article is devoted to the problem of adaptation of modern geoinformation technologies to domestic specifics of the archaeological researches covering the period of Modern times (18th – the beginning of the 20th centuries) in Russia. On the basis of the analysis of modern publications of experts in the sphere of information technologies and archeology specifics of input and storage of spatial data, snapping to it of different kinds of information, generation of standard forms of the reporting, creation of virtual reconstruction of archaeological objects are considered. The analysis of the examples reviewed in the research indicates that domestic experience of use of geoinformation technologies in archaeological researches often has the specifics which have distinctions with common international practice. It is connected with features of archaeological heritage of Russia and also with difference in standards of the scientific description of archeological objects, forms of reporting and certification. The analysis of initiative developments which have been made in Russia in recent years indicates that their integration and mass introduction requires formation of the general strategy of informatization of archaeological researches.